The fatty acid composition of human breast milk is relevant for the energy, immunity and eicosanoid production in infants. Additionally, the antioxidant properties of foods are essential for human health. Therefore, in the present study we aimed to investigate the relationship between maternal diet and fatty acids composition as well as the antioxidant potential of breast milk from donors to human milk bank of Perugia’s hospital, Italy. Results were compared with infant formulas. We observed increased levels of total fatty acids and, in particular, saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids in milk from mothers fed on a vegetable and fruit-rich diet compared with a Mediterranean diet. In the same milk, a reduced antioxidant potential was found. All infant formulas resulted in richer total fatty acid content than human breast milk. Only some formulas were qualitatively similar to breast milk. Of note, the antioxidant potential of the formulas was higher or lower than the human milk with the exception of one sample. The antioxidant potential of four formulas was very high. Dietary supplementation with antioxidants has been shown to have a teratogenic effect and to increase the formation of metastases in adult. There are no data on the effects of excess antioxidants in the infants, but the possibility that they can be harmful cannot be excluded.
Relationship between Fatty Acids Composition/Antioxidant Potential of Breast Milk and Maternal Diet : Comparison with Infant Formulas / M. Codini, C. Tringaniello, L. Cossignani, A. Boccuto, A. Mirarchi, L. Cerquiglini, S. Troiani, G. Verducci, F.F. Patria, C. Conte, S. Cataldi, M.R. Ceccarini, R. Paroni, M. Dei Cas, T. Beccari, F. Curcio, E. Albi. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 25:12(2020 Jun 24), pp. 2910.1-2910.18.
|Titolo:||Relationship between Fatty Acids Composition/Antioxidant Potential of Breast Milk and Maternal Diet : Comparison with Infant Formulas|
|Parole Chiave:||human milk; fatty acids; PUFA; antioxidant potential; infant formulas|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||24-giu-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules25122910|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|