This article highlights how the process of semantic extension applied to the OIA onomatopoeic noun dundubhí, usually meant as “drum”, is the token of significant cultural changes: especially within ritual performances, such as the mahāvrata rite, gradually canonised in the Brahmanical ritualism, it turns out to be a device to promote a new model of sovereignty, related to the establishment of the so-called Kuru-Pañcāla realm. Such a cultural transformation, carried out in the Middle and Late Vedic period in northern India, entailed that ancient Indo-European tribal cultural traits were intermingled with cultural substrate/adstrate elements: the term dundubhí is “etymologically” connected to the Proto-Muṇḍa *ḍub-/*dum- “to be swollen, roundish”, the PAA *duby-/*dub- “tail, buttock, animal limbs”, and Middle Iranian isoglosses meaning “tail, extremities, fat-tailed animals”. Moreover, as bhūmidundubhi “earth-drum” beaten on the border of the ritual area in the mahāvrata rite, representing earthly sonority and the “mighty bellowing” of cattle, it is associated with the IIr myth of valá/vará, the “enclosure”, in which the treasure/cattle “endowed with rock as foundation” (ádri-budhna, ṚV 10.108.7ab), is hidden. The related lexicon and imagery recall mythical archetypes, such as the Serpent of the Bottom (OIA áhir budhníyaḥ, Gr Pythô ophis) or primordial Monster of the Deep (Gr Typhôn/Typhôeus), and BMAC interferences are also embedded. However, although linguistic evidence confirms the etymological relationship between the OIA budh-ná and the Greek pythmên, the case of the Greek Typhôn/Typhôeus seems more uncertain: the IE reconstruction *dhubh-/*dhub- “depths” is considered a secondary outcome, and cannot be convincingly applied to the term dundubhí, because of its onomatopoeic nature. None- theless, as an outcome of linguistic and cultural interferences, “Sanskritised” within the ritualism, which supported the paradigm of the Kuru-Pañcāla sovereignty, the term dundubhí conveys the double “redundant” value of deep/high sonority and swollen/roundish abundant prosperity, to which the figure of Bṛhaspati is correspondent: in ṚV 10.64.4 he is defined as the kaví tuvīrávān “poet endowed with powerful bellowing”, which announces prosperity, spreading it loftily, throughout the cosmos.
ÁHIR BUDHNÍYAḤ and BHŪMIDUNDUBHIḤ: The serpent of the deep and the earth-drum: A hypothesis of etymological and/or cultural connections / P.M.A. Rossi. - In: LINGUA POSNANIENSIS. - ISSN 0079-4740. - 2020:1 - Special Issue(2020), pp. 125-154. ((Intervento presentato al Sala 33. convegno DIVERSITY IN THE VEDIC LEXICON: Data and Interpretation Theories regarding the most Ancient Indo-Aryan Language Layers - SALA 33 (South Asian Languages Round Table) tenutosi a Poznań nel 2017.
|Titolo:||ÁHIR BUDHNÍYAḤ and BHŪMIDUNDUBHIḤ: The serpent of the deep and the earth-drum: A hypothesis of etymological and/or cultural connections|
ROSSI, PAOLA MARIA ANTONIETTA (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||onomatopoeia – semantisation – Sanskritisation – sovereignty – sonority – ritualism – vala-myth|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore L-OR/18 - Indologia e Tibetologia|
Settore L-OR/17 - Filosofie, Religioni e Storia Dell'India e dell'Asia Centrale
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|