Background and aims There’s the need to increase physical activity engagement to promote healthy ageing. Different training protocols elicit different morpho-functional effects: the comprehension of the related assessment tests is a key to improve the specific proposals and to monitor adequately the adaptations. We aimed to identify the functional adaptation processes basing on different training protocols. Methods 40 healthy elderly (28 males and 12 females, 70.7 ± 4.39 y) were randomly divided into 4 groups: endurance, resistance, Neuro-Muscular Electrical Stimulation and control, trained for 12 weeks andex-post evaluated on anthropometric and functional domains. Results We found: significant effect for gender, time and time × protocols for Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test and Timed Up-and-Go test. Post-hoc analyses revealed effect for resistance and Neuro-Muscular Electrical Stimulation on Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test, and for endurance and Neuro-Muscular Electrical Stimulation on Timed Up-and-Go test. Correlations and factorial analysis linked Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test and Timed Up-and-Go test on the functional domain. Conclusions Medium-term physical interventions significantly modified functional characteristics of elderly. We found no ex-post effect on anthropometric parameters. The two functional tests are based on different underlying domains, our data therefore suggest to use both of them to specifically evaluate the training-induced functional adaptations in elderly. Our results promote the usefulness of evidence-based training

Effects of endurance, resistance and neuro-muscular electrical stimulation trainings to the anthropometric and functional mobility domains in elderly / T. Pietrangelo, C. Doria, D. Bondi, E. Kinel, G. Renda, G. Neri, G. Fanò-Illic, V. Verratti. - In: JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. - ISSN 2499-6564. - 67:3(2019), pp. 148-155.

Effects of endurance, resistance and neuro-muscular electrical stimulation trainings to the anthropometric and functional mobility domains in elderly

C. Doria
Secondo
;
2019

Abstract

Background and aims There’s the need to increase physical activity engagement to promote healthy ageing. Different training protocols elicit different morpho-functional effects: the comprehension of the related assessment tests is a key to improve the specific proposals and to monitor adequately the adaptations. We aimed to identify the functional adaptation processes basing on different training protocols. Methods 40 healthy elderly (28 males and 12 females, 70.7 ± 4.39 y) were randomly divided into 4 groups: endurance, resistance, Neuro-Muscular Electrical Stimulation and control, trained for 12 weeks andex-post evaluated on anthropometric and functional domains. Results We found: significant effect for gender, time and time × protocols for Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test and Timed Up-and-Go test. Post-hoc analyses revealed effect for resistance and Neuro-Muscular Electrical Stimulation on Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test, and for endurance and Neuro-Muscular Electrical Stimulation on Timed Up-and-Go test. Correlations and factorial analysis linked Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test and Timed Up-and-Go test on the functional domain. Conclusions Medium-term physical interventions significantly modified functional characteristics of elderly. We found no ex-post effect on anthropometric parameters. The two functional tests are based on different underlying domains, our data therefore suggest to use both of them to specifically evaluate the training-induced functional adaptations in elderly. Our results promote the usefulness of evidence-based training
Healthy ageing, Training, NMES, TUG, FTSST, Anthropometry
Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Sportive
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/744072
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