Strongylida are gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) of greatest importance in small ruminants throughout the world. Differences in resistance and resilience to GIN among goat breeds were reported. This study aims to investigate the mechanism underlying the breed-associated differences using a cosmopolitan (Alpine, AB) and an autochthonous (Nera di Verzasca, NV) goat breed. At first, fifteen goats from the same herd (NV = 7, AB = 8) at day 0 were infected with infective larvae (L3) of mixed GIN. From the 15th day post-infection (DPI), individual parasite egg excretion (faecal egg counts, FEC) was performed on all goats, once per week, until the 63rd DPI. Afterwards, in goats under field conditions (30 AB and 30 NV reared on the same farm), individual faecal and blood samples were collected; FEC-specific antibody and PCV levels were explored. In goats with experimental GIN infection, mean eggs per gram of faeces (EPG) values were consistently lower in NV goats. In goats with natural GIN infection, EPG and prevalence values showed high variability in both breeds; among individual variables, breed had a significant influence on EPG. Further, PCV and anti-T. circumcincta IgA levels were influenced by the breed. Lower PCV values were also associated with higher strongyle EPG in AB goats, and anti-T. circumcincta IgA levels were influenced by both strongyle EPG and breed, with IgA levels being higher in AB vs. NV goats and positively associated with EPG. Neither EPG nor breed had any influence on IgE levels. Both studies on experimental and natural infection confirmed that goats of NV are more resistant to infection with gastrointestinal nematodes.
Gastrointestinal nematode infections in goats: differences between strongyle faecal egg counts and specific antibody responses to Teladorsagia circumcincta in Nera di Verzasca and Alpine goats / S. Zanzani, A.L. Gazzonis, E. Alberti, T.M. Neilly, L. Villa, M.T. Manfredi. - In: PARASITOLOGY RESEARCH. - ISSN 0932-0113. - 119:8(2020 Aug 01), pp. 2539-2548.
|Titolo:||Gastrointestinal nematode infections in goats: differences between strongyle faecal egg counts and specific antibody responses to Teladorsagia circumcincta in Nera di Verzasca and Alpine goats|
ZANZANI, SERGIO AURELIO GIORGIO (Primo)
GAZZONIS, ALESSIA LIBERA (Secondo)
VILLA, LUCA (Penultimo)
MANFREDI, MARIA TERESA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Gastrointestinal nematodes; Goat; Parasites; Resilience; Resistance; Teladorsagia;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-ago-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||20-giu-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-020-06767-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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