Abstract: Essential oils (EOs) and honeybee products (e.g., honey and propolis) are natural mixtures of dierent volatile compounds that are frequently used in traditional medicine and for pathogen eradication. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial properties of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) EO (TTEO), Rosmarinus ocinalis EO (ROEO), manuka-based gel, and propolis against 23 strains of Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (SP) isolated from canine pyoderma. Antimicrobial resistance screening was assessed using a panel of nine antimicrobial agents coupled with a PCR approach. An aromatogram was done for both EOs, using the disk diusion method. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined for all the compounds. Among the 23 SP strains, 14 (60.9%) were multidrug-resistant (MDR), 11 strains (47.8%) were methicillin-resistant (MRSP), and 9 (39.1%) were non-MDR. The mean diameter of the inhibition zone for Melaleuca and Rosmarinus were 24.5 8.8 mm and 15.2 8.9 mm, respectively, resulting as statistically dierent (p = 0.0006). MIC values of TTEO and ROEO were similar (7.6 3.2% and 8.9 2.1%, respectively) and no statistical significances were found. Honeybee products showed lower MIC compared to those of EOs, 0.22 0.1% for Manuka and 0.8 0.5% for propolis. These findings reveal a significant antibacterial eect for all the tested products.
In Vitro Efficacy of Essential Oils from Melaleuca Alternifolia and Rosmarinus Officinalis, Manuka Honey-based Gel, and Propolis as Antibacterial Agents Against Canine Staphylococcus Pseudintermedius Strains / G. Meroni, E. Cardin, C. Rendina, V.R. Herrera Millar, J.F. Soares Filipe, P.A. Martino. - In: ANTIBIOTICS. - ISSN 2079-6382. - 9:6(2020 Jun).
|Titolo:||In Vitro Efficacy of Essential Oils from Melaleuca Alternifolia and Rosmarinus Officinalis, Manuka Honey-based Gel, and Propolis as Antibacterial Agents Against Canine Staphylococcus Pseudintermedius Strains|
MERONI, GABRIELE (Primo) (Corresponding)
SOARES FILIPE, JOEL FERNANDO (Penultimo)
MARTINO, PIERA ANNA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||antibiotic resistance; melaleuca alternifolia; MRSP; multidrug resistance; virulence factors|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/05 - Malattie Infettive degli Animali Domestici|
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics9060344|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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