The qualitative and quantitative characterization of several mining by-product samples, were collected from the magnesite mine of “GrecianMagnesite SA” company (Gerakini, Chalkidiki,North Greece),was aiming to evaluate the possibility of upgrading their refractory properties by applying thermal treatment. The concentration range of main components for the selected best qualified samples was 38.7–43 wt% for MgO, 37.5–44.1 wt% for SiO2 and 6.5–7.3 wt% for FeO. The mineralogical characterization revealed the presence of olivine, pyroxenes and serpentine, with the concentration of the latter positively correlated to LOI. Microprobe analyses clarified the presence of olivine [(Mg1.79Fe0.19Ni0.01)SiO4], consisting mainly of 90 wt% of forsterite (Mg2SiO4) and 10 wt% of fayalite (Fe2SiO4), as well as of pyroxene group minerals [(Mg0.87Fe0.08Ca0.01Cr0.01)(Si0.98Al0.04)O3], consisting mainly of 91 wt% enstatite (MgSiO3) and 9 wt% of ferrosilite (FeSiO3), respectively. The thermal treatment of the qualified samples demonstrated that at the temperature of 650–680 °C serpentine is almost totally decomposed and at the temperature of 850 °C it has been totally recrystallized to olivine and pyroxenes. At higher temperature treatment (1300 °C), it seems that there is a recrystallization process that favors the deformation of olivine and the further formation of pyroxenes, due to the excess of Si available from the initial decomposition of serpentine, while the presence of magnesite resulted to the restriction of olivine deformation through the partial capture of available Si. For increasing the olivine percentage and, subsequently, the improvement of refractory properties of this material, at temperature N 1300°C, the ideal theoretical addition dose of wt% MgO for optimizing the formation of olivine was calculated, ranging from7.4 to 17.5 wt%. The latter calculations are reported for the first time in the literature regarding this kind of materials.
Characterization and evaluation of magnesite ore mining by-products of Gerakini mines (Chalkidiki, N. Greece) / Ε. Pagona, E. Tzamos, G. Grieco, A. Zouboulis, M. Mitrakas. - In: SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. - ISSN 0048-9697. - 732(2020 Aug 25).
|Titolo:||Characterization and evaluation of magnesite ore mining by-products of Gerakini mines (Chalkidiki, N. Greece)|
GRIECO, GIOVANNI [Writing – Review & Editing]
|Parole Chiave:||Olivine Pyroxenes Serpentine Thermal treatment Mining wastes Circularity|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul|
Settore GEO/08 - Geochimica e Vulcanologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||25-ago-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||11-mag-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139279|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|