In the present study eighteen inhibitors of the hydrolytic enzymes of the endocannabinoid system were investigated for antioxidant activity using lipid peroxidation (LP) method. Among the assayed compounds ten belong to carbamates with phenyl [1,1′-biphenyl]-3-ylcarbamate (6), reported for the first time, and eight are retro-amide derivatives of palmitamine. Interestingly, results indicated that most of the tested compounds have good antioxidant properties. In particular, 1,3-di([1,1′-biphenyl]-3-yl)urea (3) shows IC50 = 26 ± 6 μM comparable to ones obtained for standard antioxidants trolox and quercetin (IC50 = 22 ± 6 μM and 23 ± 6 μM, respectively). Compound 3 was investigated further by means of DFT calculations, to clarify a possible mechanism of the antioxidant action. In order to estimate the capability of 3 to act as radical scavenger the structure was optimized at B3LYP/6–311++G** level and the respective bond dissociation enthalpies were calculated. The calculations in non-polar medium predicted as favorable mechanism a donation of a hydrogen atom to the free radical and formation of N-centered radical, while in polar solvents the mechanism of free radical scavenging by SPLET dominates over HAT H-abstraction. The possible radical scavenging mechanisms of another compound with potent antioxidant properties (IC50 = 53 ± 12 μM), the retro-amide derivative of palmitamine (compound 18), was estimated computationally based on the reaction enthalpies of a model compound (structural analogue to 18). The computations indicated that the most favorable mechanisms are hydrogen atom transfer from the hydroxyl group in meta-position of the benzamide fragment in nonpolar medium, and proton transfer from the hydroxyl group in ortho-position of the benzamide fragment in polar medium.
Lipid peroxidation inhibition study: A promising case of 1,3-di([1,1′-biphenyl]-3-yl)urea / J. Lazarević, A. Šmelcerović, J. Zvezdanović, D. Yancheva, S. Casati, R. Ottria, P. Ciuffreda. - In: CHEMICO-BIOLOGICAL INTERACTIONS. - ISSN 0009-2797. - 326(2020 Aug 01).
|Titolo:||Lipid peroxidation inhibition study: A promising case of 1,3-di([1,1′-biphenyl]-3-yl)urea|
OTTRIA, ROBERTA (Penultimo)
CIUFFREDA, PIERANGELA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Antioxidant activity; DFT calculations; Endocannabinoid modulators; Lipid peroxidation inhibition; Urea derivatives;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-ago-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||mag-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cbi.2020.109137|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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