‘Rossa di Tropea’ onion is a particular pink/red coloured onion cultivated in Calabria region (Southern Italy), representing one of the Italian most important vegetable crops granted with Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) trademarks. This local cultivar is characterised by a high nutraceutical compounds content showing anti-inflammatory, anti-cholesterol, anticancer and antioxidant properties. As all vegetable crops and Allium spp., ‘Rossa di Tropea’ onion is affected by several viruses. Among these, the species Onion yellow dwarf virus (OYDV, genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae), represents the most limiting biotic stress, inducing severe symptoms. OYDV effect on tissues architecture in whole bulbs was investigated using magnetic resonance microimaging (MRI) technique, which allows the interior of samples to be imaged non-invasively and non-destructively and yields quantitative information on physico-chemical parameters describing water mobility (T1 and T2 relaxation times). The use of such tool allowed to determine how OYDV alters plant physiology by inducing water accumulation in bulb tissues as well as causing ultra-structural modifications of cell wall, highlighted by MRI. All these effects resulted in an increase of free water in plant tissues, and consequently relevant water losses during post-harvest storage, seriously affecting bulb quality, marketability and shelf life.
Study on ultra-structural effects caused by Onion yellow dwarf virus infection in ‘Rossa di Tropea’ onion bulb by means of magnetic resonance imaging / A. Taglienti, M.T. Dell'Abate, A. Ciampa, L. Tomassoli, G. Albanese, L. Sironi, A. Tiberini. - In: SCIENTIA HORTICULTURAE. - ISSN 0304-4238. - 271(2020 Sep 20), pp. 109486.1-109486.7.
|Titolo:||Study on ultra-structural effects caused by Onion yellow dwarf virus infection in ‘Rossa di Tropea’ onion bulb by means of magnetic resonance imaging|
|Parole Chiave:||Allium cepa; MRI; OYDV; Post-harvest; Proton relaxation; Virus disease|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||20-set-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2020.109486|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|