Information on the occurrence and effects of nanoplastics in ecosystems worldwide currently represent one of the main challenges from the ecotoxicological point of view. This is particularly true for terrestrial environments, in which nanoplastics are released directly by human activities or derive from the fragmentation of larger plastic items incorrectly disposed. Since insects can represent a target for these emerging contaminants in land-based community, the aim of this study was the evaluation of ingestion of 0.5 μm polystyrene nanoplastics and their effects in silkworm (Bombyx mori) larvae, a useful and well-studied insect model. The ingestion of nanoplastics, the possible infiltration in the tissues and organ accumulation were checked by confocal microscopy, while we evaluated the effects due to the administered nanoplastics through a multi-tier approach based on insect development and behaviour assessment, as endpoints at organism level, and the measurements of some biochemical responses associated with the imbalance of the redox status (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione s-transferase, reactive oxygen species evaluation, lipid peroxidation) to investigate the cellular and molecular effects. We observed the presence of microplastics in the intestinal lumen, but also inside the larvae, specifically into the midgut epithelium, the Malpighian tubules and in the haemocytes. The behavioural observations revealed a significant (p < 0.05) increase of erratic movements and chemotaxis defects, potentially reflecting negative indirect effects on B. mori survival and fitness, while neither effect on insect development nor redox status imbalance were measured, with the exception of the significant (p < 0.05) inhibition of superoxide dismutase activity.
Ingestion and effects of polystyrene nanoparticles in the silkworm Bombyx mori / C.C. Parenti, A. Binelli, S. Caccia, C. Della Torre, S. Magni, G. Pirovano, M. Casartelli. - In: CHEMOSPHERE. - ISSN 0045-6535. - 257(2020 Oct).
|Titolo:||Ingestion and effects of polystyrene nanoparticles in the silkworm Bombyx mori|
PARENTI, CAMILLA CARLA (Primo)
BINELLI, ANDREA PAOLO (Secondo) (Corresponding)
PIROVANO, GIADA (Penultimo)
CASARTELLI, MORENA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Behaviour; Biomarker; Emerging contaminants; Nanoplastics; Terrestrial environments|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ott-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127203|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|