Studying the conformations involved in the dimerization of cadherins is highly relevant to understand the development of tissues and its failure, which is associated with tumors and metastases. Experimental techniques, like X-ray crystallography, can usually report only the most stable conformations, missing minority states that could nonetheless be important for the recognition mechanism. Computer simulations could be a valid complement to the experimental approach. However, standard all-atom protein models in explicit solvent are computationally too demanding to search thoroughly the conformational space of multiple chains composed of several hundreds of amino acids. To reach this goal, we resorted to a coarse-grained model in implicit solvent. The standard problem with this kind of model is to find a realistic potential to describe its interactions. We used coevolutionary information from cadherin alignments, corrected by a statistical potential, to build an interaction potential, which is agnostic about the experimental conformations of the protein. Using this model, we explored the conformational space of multichain systems and validated the results comparing with experimental data. We identified dimeric conformations that are sequence specific and that can be useful to rationalize the mechanism of recognition between cadherins.

Molecular Recognition between Cadherins Studied by a Coarse-Grained Model Interacting with a Coevolutionary Potential / S. Terzoli, G. Tiana. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. B, CONDENSED MATTER, MATERIALS, SURFACES, INTERFACES & BIOPHYSICAL. - ISSN 1520-6106. - 124:20(2020 May 21), pp. 4079-4088.

Molecular Recognition between Cadherins Studied by a Coarse-Grained Model Interacting with a Coevolutionary Potential

Tiana G.
2020-05-21

Abstract

Studying the conformations involved in the dimerization of cadherins is highly relevant to understand the development of tissues and its failure, which is associated with tumors and metastases. Experimental techniques, like X-ray crystallography, can usually report only the most stable conformations, missing minority states that could nonetheless be important for the recognition mechanism. Computer simulations could be a valid complement to the experimental approach. However, standard all-atom protein models in explicit solvent are computationally too demanding to search thoroughly the conformational space of multiple chains composed of several hundreds of amino acids. To reach this goal, we resorted to a coarse-grained model in implicit solvent. The standard problem with this kind of model is to find a realistic potential to describe its interactions. We used coevolutionary information from cadherin alignments, corrected by a statistical potential, to build an interaction potential, which is agnostic about the experimental conformations of the protein. Using this model, we explored the conformational space of multichain systems and validated the results comparing with experimental data. We identified dimeric conformations that are sequence specific and that can be useful to rationalize the mechanism of recognition between cadherins.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. B, CONDENSED MATTER, MATERIALS, SURFACES, INTERFACES & BIOPHYSICAL
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/736553
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