Macrophages (MPs) exert either beneficial or deleterious effects on tissue repair, depending on their activation/ polarization state. They are crucial for adult skeletal muscle repair, notably by acting on myogenic precursor cells. However, these interactions have not been fully characterized. Here, we explored both in vitro and in vivo, in human, the interactions of differentially activated MPs with myogenic precursor cells (MPCs) during adult myogenesis and skeletal muscle regeneration. We showed in vitro that through the differential secretion of cytokines and growth factors, proinflammatory MPs inhibited MPC fusion while anti-inflammatory MPs strongly promoted MPC differentiation by increasing their commitment into differentiated myocytes and the formation of mature myotubes. Furthermore, the in vivo time course of expression of myogenic and MP markers was studied in regenerating human healthy muscle after damage. We observed that regenerating areas containing proliferating MPCs were preferentially associated with MPs expressing proinflammatory markers. In the same muscle, regenerating areas containing differentiating myogenin-positive MPCs were preferentially coupled to MPs harboring anti-inflammatory markers. These data demonstrate for the first time in human that MPs sequentially orchestrate adult myogenesis during regeneration of damaged skeletal muscle. These results support the emerging concept that inflammation, through MP activation, controls stem cell fate and coordinates tissue repair.

Differentially activated macrophages orchestrate myogenic precursor cell fate during human skeletal muscle regeneration / M. Saclier, H. Yacoub-Youssef, A.L. Mackey, L. Arnold, H. Ardjoune, M. Magnan, F. Sailhan, J. Chelly, G.K. Pavlath, R. Mounier, M. Kjaer, B. Chazaud. - In: STEM CELLS. - ISSN 1066-5099. - 31:2(2013), pp. 384-396.

Differentially activated macrophages orchestrate myogenic precursor cell fate during human skeletal muscle regeneration

Saclier M.;
2013-02

Abstract

Macrophages (MPs) exert either beneficial or deleterious effects on tissue repair, depending on their activation/ polarization state. They are crucial for adult skeletal muscle repair, notably by acting on myogenic precursor cells. However, these interactions have not been fully characterized. Here, we explored both in vitro and in vivo, in human, the interactions of differentially activated MPs with myogenic precursor cells (MPCs) during adult myogenesis and skeletal muscle regeneration. We showed in vitro that through the differential secretion of cytokines and growth factors, proinflammatory MPs inhibited MPC fusion while anti-inflammatory MPs strongly promoted MPC differentiation by increasing their commitment into differentiated myocytes and the formation of mature myotubes. Furthermore, the in vivo time course of expression of myogenic and MP markers was studied in regenerating human healthy muscle after damage. We observed that regenerating areas containing proliferating MPCs were preferentially associated with MPs expressing proinflammatory markers. In the same muscle, regenerating areas containing differentiating myogenin-positive MPCs were preferentially coupled to MPs harboring anti-inflammatory markers. These data demonstrate for the first time in human that MPs sequentially orchestrate adult myogenesis during regeneration of damaged skeletal muscle. These results support the emerging concept that inflammation, through MP activation, controls stem cell fate and coordinates tissue repair.
Macrophage; Muscle stem cells; Myogenesis; Myogenic precursor; Skeletal muscle; Adult; Adult Stem Cells; Biomarkers; Cell Differentiation; Cells, Cultured; Cytokines; Gene Expression; Humans; Inflammation; Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; Macrophage Activation; Macrophages; Muscle Development; Muscle Fibers, Skeletal; Muscle, Skeletal; Myogenin; Regeneration
Settore BIO/17 - Istologia
STEM CELLS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/735659
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