Soil organic matter (SOM) is an important factor in ecosystem stability and productivity. This is especially the case for Mediterranean soils suffering from the impact of human degradation as well as harsh climatic conditions. We used the carbon (C) exchange resulting from C3-C4 and C4-C3 vegetation change under field conditions combined with incubations under controlled conditions to evaluate the turnover and availability of soil organic C under different land-uses. The 40-year succession of Hyparrenia hirta L. (C4 photosynthesis) after more than 85years of olive tree (Olea europaea L.; C3 photosynthesis) growth led to the exchange of 54% of soil organic C from C3 to C4 forms. In contrast, 21years of vine (Vitis vinifera L.) growing after H. hirta decreased the organic C content to 57%. Considering this exchange and decrease as well as the periods after the land-use changes, we calculated the mean residence time (MRT) of soil C of different ages. The MRT of C under grassland dominated by H. hirta was about 19years, but was 180years under the vineyard. The rates of C accumulation under the H. hirta grassland were about 0.36MgCha-1year-1. In contrast, the rates of C losses after conversion from natural grassland to a vineyard were 1.8 times greater and amounted to 0.65MgCha-1year-1. We conclude that changes of land use from natural Mediterranean grassland to a vineyard lead to very large C losses that cannot be compensated for over the same periods.
Turnover and availability of soil organic carbon under different Mediterranean land-uses as estimated by C-13 natural abundance / A. Novara, L. Gristina, Y. Kuzyakov, C. Schillaci, V.A. Laudicina, T. La Mantia. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1351-0754. - 64:4(2013), pp. 466-475.
|Titolo:||Turnover and availability of soil organic carbon under different Mediterranean land-uses as estimated by C-13 natural abundance|
SCHILLACI, CALOGERO [Investigation]
|Parole Chiave:||particle-size fractionation; microbial biomass; abandoned soils; matter dynamics; aggregate size; forest soil; nitrogen; cultivation; vegetation; Argentina|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/02 - Agronomia e Coltivazioni Erbacee|
Settore AGR/14 - Pedologia
Settore GEO/04 - Geografia Fisica e Geomorfologia
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12038|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|