The purpose of this paper is to study and give the perception of the relatively slow progress and spread of computerization and the first information retrieval system between the 1860 and the II world war end. Starting from Herman Hollerith, the statistician who, working at the U.S. census, has invented the first punched card coding of data and the electro-mechanical system to read and compute these data, the Electric Tabulating Machine; the paper considers and continues with the hand managed information retrieval systems based on different type of punched cards, like the edge notched punched cards as the Cope-Chat or McBee cards, the Zatocards of Calvin N. Mooers, the peek-a-boo cards invented by William E. Batten, up to the Uniterm cards system of Mortimer Taube.

Alle origini dell'informatizzazione : Herman Hollerith e i sistemi per l'analisi e il reperimento dei dati / F. Venuda. - In: IL BIBLIOTECARIO. - ISSN 1125-0992. - maggio-dicembre 2009:2/3(2009 Dec), pp. 143-175. [10.1400/127833]

Alle origini dell'informatizzazione : Herman Hollerith e i sistemi per l'analisi e il reperimento dei dati.

F. Venuda
Primo
2009

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to study and give the perception of the relatively slow progress and spread of computerization and the first information retrieval system between the 1860 and the II world war end. Starting from Herman Hollerith, the statistician who, working at the U.S. census, has invented the first punched card coding of data and the electro-mechanical system to read and compute these data, the Electric Tabulating Machine; the paper considers and continues with the hand managed information retrieval systems based on different type of punched cards, like the edge notched punched cards as the Cope-Chat or McBee cards, the Zatocards of Calvin N. Mooers, the peek-a-boo cards invented by William E. Batten, up to the Uniterm cards system of Mortimer Taube.
Informatizzazione ; Punched cards ; Edge notched punched cards ; schede perforate ; IBM ; International Business Machines; Herman Hollerith ; William Batten ; peek-a-boo cards ; schede a collimazione ottica ; Calvin Northrup Mooers ; Zatocards ; Zatocoding ; Superimposed code ; Mortimer Taube ; Uniterms ; Information retrieval ;
Settore M-STO/08 - Archivistica, Bibliografia e Biblioteconomia
dic-2009
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/73354
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