Multiple myeloma (MM), the second most common hematological malignancy, frequently relapses because of chemotherapeutic resistance. Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) act as pro-angiogenic and mitogenic cytokines in MM. Here, we demonstrate that the autocrine FGF/FGFR axis is essential for MM cell survival and progression by protecting MM cells from oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. In keeping with the hypothesis that the intracellular redox status can be a target for cancer therapy, FGF/FGFR blockade by FGF trapping or tyrosine kinase inhibitor impaired the growth and dissemination of MM cells by inducing mitochondrial oxidative stress, DNA damage and apoptotic cell death that were prevented by the antioxidant vitamin E or mitochondrial catalase overexpression. In addition, mitochondrial oxidative stress occurred as a consequence of proteasomal degradation of the c-Myc oncoprotein that led to glutathione depletion. Accordingly, expression of a proteasome-non-degradable c-Myc protein mutant was sufficient to avoid glutathione depletion and rescue the pro-apoptotic effects due to FGF blockade. These findings were confirmed on Bortezomib-resistant MM cells as well as on bone marrow-derived primary MM cells from newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory patients, including plasma cells bearing the t(4;14) translocation obtained from high-risk MM patients. Altogether, these findings dissect the mechanism by which the FGF/FGFR system plays a non-redundant role in MM cell survival and disease progression, and indicate that FGF targeting may represent a therapeutic approach for MM patients with poor prognosis and advanced disease stage.

FGF trapping inhibits multiple myeloma growth through c-Myc degradation-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress / R. Ronca, G.C. Ghedini, F. Maccarinelli, A. Sacco, S.L. Locatelli, E. Foglio, S. Taranto, E. Grillo, S. Matarazzo, R. Castelli, G. Paganini, V. Desantis, N. Cattane, A. Cattaneo, M. Mor, C. Carlo-Stella, A. Belotti, A. Roccaro, M. Presta, A. Giacomini. - In: CANCER RESEARCH. - ISSN 1538-7445. - 80:11(2020 Jun), pp. 2340-2354. [10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-19-2714]

FGF trapping inhibits multiple myeloma growth through c-Myc degradation-induced mitochondrial oxidative stress

S.L. Locatelli;G. Paganini;A. Cattaneo;C. Carlo-Stella;A. Giacomini
2020-06

Abstract

Multiple myeloma (MM), the second most common hematological malignancy, frequently relapses because of chemotherapeutic resistance. Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) act as pro-angiogenic and mitogenic cytokines in MM. Here, we demonstrate that the autocrine FGF/FGFR axis is essential for MM cell survival and progression by protecting MM cells from oxidative stress-induced apoptosis. In keeping with the hypothesis that the intracellular redox status can be a target for cancer therapy, FGF/FGFR blockade by FGF trapping or tyrosine kinase inhibitor impaired the growth and dissemination of MM cells by inducing mitochondrial oxidative stress, DNA damage and apoptotic cell death that were prevented by the antioxidant vitamin E or mitochondrial catalase overexpression. In addition, mitochondrial oxidative stress occurred as a consequence of proteasomal degradation of the c-Myc oncoprotein that led to glutathione depletion. Accordingly, expression of a proteasome-non-degradable c-Myc protein mutant was sufficient to avoid glutathione depletion and rescue the pro-apoptotic effects due to FGF blockade. These findings were confirmed on Bortezomib-resistant MM cells as well as on bone marrow-derived primary MM cells from newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory patients, including plasma cells bearing the t(4;14) translocation obtained from high-risk MM patients. Altogether, these findings dissect the mechanism by which the FGF/FGFR system plays a non-redundant role in MM cell survival and disease progression, and indicate that FGF targeting may represent a therapeutic approach for MM patients with poor prognosis and advanced disease stage.
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/732138
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