OBJECTIVE Recent trials have shown the safety and benefits of fetoscopic treatment of myelomeningocele (MMC). The authors' aim was to report their preliminary results of prenatal fetoscopic treatment of MMC using a biocellulose patch, focusing on neurological outcomes, fetal and maternal complications, neonatal CSF leakage, postnatal hydrocephalus, and radiological outcomes. METHODS Preoperative assessment included clinical examination, ultrasound imaging, and MRI of the fetus. Patients underwent purely fetoscopic in utero MMC repair, followed by postoperative in utero and postnatal MRI. All participants received multidisciplinary follow-up. RESULTS Five pregnant women carrying fetuses affected by MMC signed informed consent for the fetoscopic treatment of the defect. The mean MMC size was 30.4 mm (range 19-49 mm). Defect locations were L1 (2 cases), L5 (2 cases), and L4 (1 case). Hindbrain herniation and ventriculomegaly were documented in all cases. The mean gestational age at surgery was 28.2 weeks (range 27.8-28.8 weeks). Fetoscopic repair was performed in all cases. The mean gestational age at delivery was 33.9 weeks (range 29.3-37.4 weeks). After surgery, reversal of hindbrain herniation was documented in all cases. Three newborns developed signs of hydrocephalus requiring CSF diversion. Neurological outcomes in terms of motor level were favorable in all cases, but a premature newborn died due to CSF infection and sepsis. CONCLUSIONS The authors' preliminary results suggest that fetoscopic treatment of MMC is feasible, reproducible, and safe for mothers and their babies. Neurological outcomes were favorable and similar to those in the available literature. As known, prematurity was the greatest complication.

Minimally invasive fetal surgery for myelomeningocele : preliminary report from a single center / G. Carrabba, F. Macchini, I. Fabietti, L. Schisano, G. Meccariello, R. Campanella, G. Bertani, M. Locatelli, S. Boito, G.A. Porro, L. Gabetta, O. Picciolini, C. Cinnante, F. Triulzi, F. Ciralli, F. Mosca, D.A. Lapa, E. Leva, P. Rampini, N. Persico. - In: NEUROSURGICAL FOCUS. - ISSN 1092-0684. - 47:4(2019), pp. E12.1-E12.6. [10.3171/2019.8.FOCUS19438]

Minimally invasive fetal surgery for myelomeningocele : preliminary report from a single center

F. Macchini;I. Fabietti;L. Schisano;G. Meccariello;M. Locatelli;O. Picciolini;C. Cinnante;F. Triulzi;F. Ciralli;F. Mosca;E. Leva;N. Persico
2019

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Recent trials have shown the safety and benefits of fetoscopic treatment of myelomeningocele (MMC). The authors' aim was to report their preliminary results of prenatal fetoscopic treatment of MMC using a biocellulose patch, focusing on neurological outcomes, fetal and maternal complications, neonatal CSF leakage, postnatal hydrocephalus, and radiological outcomes. METHODS Preoperative assessment included clinical examination, ultrasound imaging, and MRI of the fetus. Patients underwent purely fetoscopic in utero MMC repair, followed by postoperative in utero and postnatal MRI. All participants received multidisciplinary follow-up. RESULTS Five pregnant women carrying fetuses affected by MMC signed informed consent for the fetoscopic treatment of the defect. The mean MMC size was 30.4 mm (range 19-49 mm). Defect locations were L1 (2 cases), L5 (2 cases), and L4 (1 case). Hindbrain herniation and ventriculomegaly were documented in all cases. The mean gestational age at surgery was 28.2 weeks (range 27.8-28.8 weeks). Fetoscopic repair was performed in all cases. The mean gestational age at delivery was 33.9 weeks (range 29.3-37.4 weeks). After surgery, reversal of hindbrain herniation was documented in all cases. Three newborns developed signs of hydrocephalus requiring CSF diversion. Neurological outcomes in terms of motor level were favorable in all cases, but a premature newborn died due to CSF infection and sepsis. CONCLUSIONS The authors' preliminary results suggest that fetoscopic treatment of MMC is feasible, reproducible, and safe for mothers and their babies. Neurological outcomes were favorable and similar to those in the available literature. As known, prematurity was the greatest complication.
Fetoscopy; Hydrocephalus; Myelomeningocele; Spina bifida
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
Settore MED/40 - Ginecologia e Ostetricia
Settore MED/20 - Chirurgia Pediatrica e Infantile
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/731602
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