Recognition of other's emotions influences the way social animals interact and adapt to the environment. The neuropeptide oxytocin (OXT) has been implicated in different aspects of emotion processing. However, the role of endogenous OXT brain pathways in the social response to different emotional states in conspecifics remains elusive. Here, using a combination of anatomical, genetic, and chemogenetic approaches, we investigated the contribution of endogenous OXT signaling in the ability of mice to discriminate unfamiliar conspecifics based on their emotional states. We found that OXTergic projections from the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) to the central amygdala (CeA) are crucial for the discrimination of both positively and negatively valenced emotional states. In contrast, blocking PVN OXT release into the nucleus accumbens, prefrontal cortex, and hippocampal CA2 did not alter this emotion discrimination. Furthermore, silencing each of these PVN OXT pathways did not influence basic social interaction. These findings were further supported by the demonstration that virally mediated enhancement of OXT signaling within the CeA was sufficient to rescue emotion discrimination deficits in a genetic mouse model of cognitive liability. Our results indicate that CeA OXT signaling plays a key role in emotion discrimination both in physiological and pathological conditions. Is endogenous oxytocin implicated in emotion discrimination? Ferretti, Maltese et al. demonstrate that oxytocin signaling in the central amygdala plays a key role in the ability of mice to discriminate unfamiliar conspecifics based on their emotional state, both in physiological and genetically determined pathological conditions.
Oxytocin Signaling in the Central Amygdala Modulates Emotion Discrimination in Mice / V. Ferretti, F. Maltese, G. Contarini, M. Nigro, A. Bonavia, H. Huang, V. Gigliucci, G. Morelli, D. Scheggia, F. Manago, G. Castellani, A. Lefevre, L. Cancedda, B. Chini, V. Grinevich, F. Papaleo. - In: CURRENT BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0960-9822. - 29:12(2019 Jun), pp. 1938-1953.
|Titolo:||Oxytocin Signaling in the Central Amygdala Modulates Emotion Discrimination in Mice|
|Parole Chiave:||amygdala; brain circuits; DREADDs; dysbindin-1; fear; relief; social cognition|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.04.070|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|