Energy depletion caused by ischemic brain insults may result in persistent neuronal depolarization accompanied by hyper-stimulation of ionotropic glutamate receptors and excitotoxic phenomena, possibly leading to cell death. The use of glutamate receptor antagonists, such as the AMPARs antagonist Perampanel (PER), might be a pharmacological approach to counteract the excessive over-activation of glutamate receptors providing neuroprotective effects. Using electrophysiological and molecular analyses, we investigated the effect of PER against in vitro ischemia obtained by oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) in rat slices of two brain structures particularly sensitive to ischemic insults, the nucleus striatum and the hippocampus. We found that in these regions PER was able to avoid the OGD-induced neuronal suffering, at low doses not reducing basal excitatory synaptic transmission and not altering long-term potentiation (LTP) induction. Furthermore, in both the analysed regions, PER blocked a pathological form of LTP, namely ischemic LTP (iLTP). Finally, we hypothesized that the protective effect of PER against OGD was due to its capability to normalize the altered synaptic localization and function of AMPAR subunits, occuring after an ischemic insult. Taken together these findings support the idea that PER is a drug potentially effective to counteract ischemic damage.
Low doses of Perampanel protect striatal and hippocampal neurons against in vitro ischemia by reversing the ischemia-induced alteration of AMPA receptor subunit composition / P. Mazzocchetti, A. Mancini, M. Sciaccaluga, A. Megaro, L. Bellingacci, M. Di Filippo, E.N. Cesarini, M. Romoli, N. Carrano, F. Gardoni, A. Tozzi, P. Calabresi, C. Costa. - In: NEUROBIOLOGY OF DISEASE. - ISSN 0969-9961. - 140(2020 Jul).
|Titolo:||Low doses of Perampanel protect striatal and hippocampal neurons against in vitro ischemia by reversing the ischemia-induced alteration of AMPA receptor subunit composition|
|Parole Chiave:||GluA1 AMPA receptor subunit; Hippocampus; Ischemic LTP; Neuroprotection; Oxygen and glucose deprivation; Striatum|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||25-mar-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nbd.2020.104848|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|