Palladium complexes with phenanthrolines are so far the most effective catalysts for the reductive cyclization of nitroarenes by carbon monoxide to yield a variety of heterocyclic compounds.[1] Despite the high efficiency and the high atom-economical character of many of these reactions, they have not become of widespread use. This is mainly ascribable to the need for pressurized CO and pressure equipment (including CO safety measures). In the aim of turning this kind of reaction into a as an in situ source of CO. The reaction can be performed in a glass pressure tube, a cheap equipment accessible to every laboratory. Our previous work was mainly focused on the synthesis of indoles by reductive cyclization of o-nitrostyrenes[2] and oxazines by the hetero Diels-Alder condensation of a conjugated diene with a nitrosoarene formed in situ by the reduction of the starting nitroarene.[3] However, the application of the previously developed method to the reductive cyclization of 2-nitrobiphenyls to carbazoles afforded only moderate yields even under harsher conditions and higher catalyst loadings. The result is not totally unexpected since this reductive cyclization is known to be more difficult than the other previously studied. Here we report the results of our investigations on this reaction aimed at both improving the catalytic performance and better understanding the reaction mechanism.

Synthesis of Carbazoles: Use of Formate Esters as CO Surrogates in the Palladium Catalyzed Reductive Cyclization of 2-Nitrobiphenyls / D.R.M. Ramadan, F.M. Ferretti, F.A.C. Ragaini. ((Intervento presentato al 20. convegno IUPAC International Symposium on Organometallic Chemistry Directed Towards Organic Synthesis (OMCOS20) tenutosi a Heidelberg nel 2019.

Synthesis of Carbazoles: Use of Formate Esters as CO Surrogates in the Palladium Catalyzed Reductive Cyclization of 2-Nitrobiphenyls

Doaa Ramadan;Francesco Ferretti;Fabio Ragaini
2019

Abstract

Palladium complexes with phenanthrolines are so far the most effective catalysts for the reductive cyclization of nitroarenes by carbon monoxide to yield a variety of heterocyclic compounds.[1] Despite the high efficiency and the high atom-economical character of many of these reactions, they have not become of widespread use. This is mainly ascribable to the need for pressurized CO and pressure equipment (including CO safety measures). In the aim of turning this kind of reaction into a as an in situ source of CO. The reaction can be performed in a glass pressure tube, a cheap equipment accessible to every laboratory. Our previous work was mainly focused on the synthesis of indoles by reductive cyclization of o-nitrostyrenes[2] and oxazines by the hetero Diels-Alder condensation of a conjugated diene with a nitrosoarene formed in situ by the reduction of the starting nitroarene.[3] However, the application of the previously developed method to the reductive cyclization of 2-nitrobiphenyls to carbazoles afforded only moderate yields even under harsher conditions and higher catalyst loadings. The result is not totally unexpected since this reductive cyclization is known to be more difficult than the other previously studied. Here we report the results of our investigations on this reaction aimed at both improving the catalytic performance and better understanding the reaction mechanism.
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
Synthesis of Carbazoles: Use of Formate Esters as CO Surrogates in the Palladium Catalyzed Reductive Cyclization of 2-Nitrobiphenyls / D.R.M. Ramadan, F.M. Ferretti, F.A.C. Ragaini. ((Intervento presentato al 20. convegno IUPAC International Symposium on Organometallic Chemistry Directed Towards Organic Synthesis (OMCOS20) tenutosi a Heidelberg nel 2019.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/726419
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