Over recent decades there have been several papers that documented hypomagnesaemia, in cancer patients treated, with cisplatin, with combined che- motherapies and more recently, with cetuximab an antibody against the epidermal growth factor receptor. Recently, however, the clinical read-out of cetuximab- induced hypomagnesaemia has received different interpretations. Some reports called the readers' attention to the importance of magnesium supplementation in relieving patient's discomfort or preventing the most severe complications of hypomagnesaemia. Other reports claimed that magnesium deficiency could con- tribute to the oncologic efficacy of cetuximab. This latter interpretation implies that the decision on magnesium supplementation should consider the pros and cons of returning magnesium to normal levels. Given that decreased magnesium availability inhibits cell proliferation, hypomagnesaemia may slow down tumor growth. Unfortunately, one view does not fit all. We think it important to recapitu- late our knowledge on the effects of magnesium on tumor growth, angiogenesis, invasion and metastatization with the aim of providing clinical oncologists with an overview of available data of the potential effects of hypomagnesaemia in tumor growth. Translating these results into clinical settings may help in designing suitable studies to better evaluate the consequences of hypomagnesaemia in can- cer patients.
|Titolo:||Hypomagnesiaemia in oncologic patients : to treat or not to treat ?|
MAIER, JEANETTE ANNE MARIE (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Angiogenesis; Cetuximab; Chemotherapy; Cisplatin; Metastasis; Tumor growth|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/04 - Patologia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1684/mrh.2009.0157|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|