(R)-1,4-Benzodioxane-2-carboxilic acid (R)-1 was obtained by resolution of the racemic acid 1 with stoichiometric or nonstoichiometric (+)- dehydroabietylamine (+)-2 in high chemical yield and enantiomeric excess. (S)-1 was isolated from the mother liquors of the crystallisation of (R)-1·(+)-2 and its enantiomeric excess maximised by recrystallisation procedures involving a precipitation under kinetic control or, alternatively, by conversion into the methyl ester followed by a single crystallisation. The different mechanisms of the two S enrichments is well explained by the binary phase diagrams of the acid and of the ester, which show that the former is a racemic compound, whereas the latter a conglomerate. The DSC analyses were extended to 2-hydroxymethyl- and 2-mesyloxymethyl-1,4-benzodioxane, establishing that the alcohol forms a racemic compound, while its mesyl ester a conglomerate. On the basis of these results, different resolution strategies can be designed to obtain useful homochiral 2-substituted 1,4-benzodioxanes coupling the resolution of 1 via diastereomeric salt formation with the enantiomeric enrichments by recrystallisations, preferably of its conglomerate forming derivatives.
|Titolo:||A short entry to enantiopure 2-substituted 1,4-benzodioxanes by efficient resolution methods|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.tetasy.2003.09.012|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|