Infertility is a growing issue in modern society, being the fifth highest serious global disability according to the World Health Organization. To study infertility and other reproductive system complications, bench science still relies on 2D and animal studies, which regularly have been criticized due to their inability to mimic the human body. Particular challenges in 2D studies include the inability to mimic fluid dynamics, gametes modulation and their crosstalk, hormonal patterns as well as the low quality and viability of gametes and embryos. Animal models also present other drawbacks, namely the absence of menstruation, making it difficult to establish a reliable predictive model for the human system. Additionally, reproductive studies should not be limited to the fallopian tube as the sole responsible for most infertility cases, but instead the research spectrum should be widened to the whole reproductive system given the tight interconnectivity between each and every organ. In the last few decades, new in vitro technologies have been developed and applied to the study of reproductive system complications. These systems allow to create complex three-dimensional structures, which are therefore able to more closely resemble specific microenvironments and provide more realistic physical and biochemical cues. 3D (bio)printing, organoids and organs-on-chips are some of the dynamic technologies which are replacing conventionally employed static 2D culture. Herein, we provide an overview of the challenges found in conventional 2D and animal models of the reproductive system and present potential technological solutions for those same challenges.
State-of-the-art in reproductive bench science: Hurdles and new technological solutions / J. Felgueiras, R. Ribeiro, T. Brevini, P.F. Costa. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - (2020 Jul 01), pp. 34-40.
|Titolo:||State-of-the-art in reproductive bench science: Hurdles and new technological solutions|
BREVINI, TIZIANA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Additive manufacturing; Biofabrication; Infertility; Organs-on-chips; Reproductive challenges|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-lug-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||30-gen-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2020.01.067|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
File in questo prodotto:
|CORRECT Article for submission Felgueiras et al_PC_16_01_2020_REV.pdf||Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)||Open Access Visualizza/Apri|
|Felgueiras et al., 2020 Therio.pdf||Publisher's version/PDF||Administrator Richiedi una copia|