Background To test contemporary rates and predictors of open conversion at minimally invasive (laparoscopic or robotic) radical prostatectomy (MIRP). Methods Within the National Inpatient Sample database (2008-2015) we identified all MIRP patients and patients that underwent open conversion at MIRP. First, estimated annual percentage changes (EAPC) tested temporal trends of open conversion. Second, multivariable logistic regression models predicted open conversion at MIRP. All models were weighted and adjusted for clustering, as well as all available patient and hospital characteristics. Results Of 57,078 MIRP patients, 368 (0.6%) underwent open conversion. The rates of open conversion decreased over time (from 1.80 to 0.38%; EAPC:-26.0%; p=0.003). In multivariable logistic regression models predicting open conversion, patient obesity (OR:2.10; p<0.001), frailty (OR:1.45; p=0.005) and Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI)≥2 (OR:1.57; p=0.03) achieved independent predictor status. Moreover, compared to high volume hospitals, medium volume (OR:2.03; p<0.001) and low volume hospitals (OR:3.86; p<0.001) were associated with higher rates of open conversion. Last but not least, when the interaction between the number of patient risk factors (obesity and/or frailty and/or CCI≥2) and hospital volume was tested, a dose-response effect was observed. Specifically, the rates of open conversion ranged from 0.3% (patients with 0 risk factors treated at high volume hospitals) to 2.2% (patients with 2-3 risk factors treated at low volume hospitals). Conclusion Overall contemporary (2008-2015) rate of open conversion at MIRP was 0.6% and it was strongly associated with patient obesity, frailty, CCI≥2 and hospital surgical volume. In consequence, these parameters should be taken into account during preoperative patients counselling, as well as in clinical and administrative decision making.
Contemporary rates and predictors of open conversion during minimally invasive radical prostatectomy for non-metastatic prostate cancer / S. Luzzago, G. Rosiello, A. Pecoraro, M. Deuker, F. Stolzenbach, F.A. Mistretta, Z. Tian, G. Musi, E. Montanari, S.F. Shariat, F. Saad, A. Briganti, O. De Cobelli, P.I. Karakiewicz. - In: JOURNAL OF ENDOUROLOGY. - ISSN 0892-7790. - 34:5(2020 May 01), pp. 600-607.
|Titolo:||Contemporary rates and predictors of open conversion during minimally invasive radical prostatectomy for non-metastatic prostate cancer|
LUZZAGO, STEFANO (Primo) (Corresponding)
DE COBELLI, OTTAVIO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||National Inpatient Sample; radical prostatectomy; open conversion; obesity; hospital volume; frailty; Charlson comorbidity index;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/24 - Urologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-mag-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||apr-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/end.2020.0074|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|