Objective: FSH, via its receptor (FSHR), influences bone remodeling and osteoclast proliferation and activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the FSHR gene on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers (bone alkaline phosphatase and type I collagen C-telopeptides) in postmenopausal women. Methods: Two hundred and eighty-nine unrelated postmenopausal women were genotyped for the SNPs rs1394205 and rs6166. BMD was estimated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) methodologies. Results: AA rs6166 women showed a lower BMD (femoral neck and total body), lower stiffness index (calcaneal QUS), and higher serum levels of bone turnover markers compared to GG rs6166 women. The prevalence of osteoporosis was significantly higher in AA rs6166 women compared with GG rs6166 women. These results were not influenced by circulating levels of FSH and estrogens. Conclusion: The SNP rs6166 of the FSHR gene significantly influences BMD in postmenopausal women. In particular, AA rs6166 women are at increased risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis compared with GG rs6166 women, independently of circulating levels of FSH and estrogens. Previous studies have demonstrated that this SNP influences cell and tissue response to hyperstimulation of FSHR in vivo and in vitro. Our study results appear in agreement with these experimental data and with known biological actions of FSH/FSHR system in bone homeostasis.

FSHR gene polymorphisms influence bone mineral density and bone turnover in postmenopausal women / D. Rendina, F. Gianfrancesco, G. De Filippo, D. Merlotti, T. Esposito, A. Mingione, R. Nuti, P. Strazzullo, G. Mossetti, L. Gennari. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0804-4643. - 163:1(2010), pp. 165-172. [10.1530/EJE-10-0043]

FSHR gene polymorphisms influence bone mineral density and bone turnover in postmenopausal women

A. Mingione;
2010

Abstract

Objective: FSH, via its receptor (FSHR), influences bone remodeling and osteoclast proliferation and activity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the FSHR gene on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover markers (bone alkaline phosphatase and type I collagen C-telopeptides) in postmenopausal women. Methods: Two hundred and eighty-nine unrelated postmenopausal women were genotyped for the SNPs rs1394205 and rs6166. BMD was estimated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and quantitative ultrasound (QUS) methodologies. Results: AA rs6166 women showed a lower BMD (femoral neck and total body), lower stiffness index (calcaneal QUS), and higher serum levels of bone turnover markers compared to GG rs6166 women. The prevalence of osteoporosis was significantly higher in AA rs6166 women compared with GG rs6166 women. These results were not influenced by circulating levels of FSH and estrogens. Conclusion: The SNP rs6166 of the FSHR gene significantly influences BMD in postmenopausal women. In particular, AA rs6166 women are at increased risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis compared with GG rs6166 women, independently of circulating levels of FSH and estrogens. Previous studies have demonstrated that this SNP influences cell and tissue response to hyperstimulation of FSHR in vivo and in vitro. Our study results appear in agreement with these experimental data and with known biological actions of FSH/FSHR system in bone homeostasis.
follicle-stimulating-hormone; receptor; osteoporosis; differentiation; osteoblast; spine; loci; old
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/723481
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