Fabry disease is a rare lysosomal storage disorder which results from deficient activity of the enzyme alpha-galactosidase A. The resultant deposition and progressive accumulation of glycosphingolipids in all types of body tissue leads to severe clinical manifestations involving the heart, CNS and kidney. Renal manifestations are observed relatively early in the course of the disease, and progression to end-stage renal failure is common in hemizygous males in the third to fifth decades of life. Renal biopsy specimens reveal evidence of diffuse intracytoplasmic glycosphingolipid accumulation, mainly affecting podocytes and epithelial cells of distal tubules, which are strikingly enlarged and vacuolated. On electron microscopy the deposits appear as typical osmiophilic inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of all kinds of renal cells, and show a characteristic 'onion skin' or 'zebra' appearance. These pathological features are also evident in heterozygous females. Deposits occur before the development of renal impairment. As patients age, the disease progresses in cells throughout the kidney, and is associated with increasing glycosphingolipid accumulation. Conclusion: The age-related evolution of renal pathology in Fabry disease is closely correlated with progressive intracellular deposition of glycosphingolipid and ultimately leads to end-stage renal failure.
|Titolo:||Evolution of renal pathology in Fabry disease|
VAGO, GIANLUCA GAETANO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Fabry disease ; glycosphingolipid ; kidney ; renal pathology|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1651-2227.2003.tb00212.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|