Background: Neurosurgical training has traditionally been based on an apprenticeship model that requires considerable time and exposure to surgeries. Unfortunately, nowadays these requirements are hampered by several limitations (e.g., decreased caseload, worktime restrictions). Furthermore, teaching methods vary among residency programs due to cultural differences, monetary restrictions, and infrastructure conditions, with the possible consequence of jeopardizing residents’ training. Methods: The EANS Basic Brain Course originated from a collaboration between the Besta NeuroSim Center in Milano and the Swiss Foundation for Innovation and Training in Surgery in Geneva. It was held for 5 neurosurgical residents (PGY1-3) who participated to this first pilot experience in January 2019. The main goal was to cover the very basic aspects of cranial surgery, including both technical and non-technical skills. The course was developed in modules, starting from the diagnostic paths and communication with patients (played by professional actors), then moving to practical simulation sessions, rapid theoretical lessons, and discussions based on real cases and critical ethical aspects. At the end, the candidates had cadaver lab sessions in which they practiced basic emergency procedures and craniotomies. The interaction between the participants and the faculties was created and maintained using role plays that smoothly improved the cooperation during debriefs and discussions, thus making the sessions exceedingly involving. Results: At the end of the course, every trainee was able to complete the course curriculum and all the participants expressed their appreciation for this innovative format, with a particular emphasis on the time spent learning non-technical skills, confirming that they feel this to be a fundamental aspect of a comprehensive training in neurosurgery. Conclusions: It is possible that this combined concept of training on technical and non-technical skills, using emerging technologies along with pedagogic techniques and cadaver dissection, may become the state-of-the-art for European Neurosurgical training programs in the next future.

EANS Basic Brain Course (ABC) : combining simulation to cadaver lab for a new concept of neurosurgical training / A. Moiraghi, A. Perin, N. Sicky, J. Godjevac, G. Carone, R. Ayadi, T. Galbiati, E. Gambatesa, A. Rocca, C. Fanizzi, K. Schaller, F. DiMeco, T.R. Meling. - In: ACTA NEUROCHIRURGICA. - ISSN 0001-6268. - 162:3(2020 Mar), pp. 453-460. [10.1007/s00701-020-04216-w]

EANS Basic Brain Course (ABC) : combining simulation to cadaver lab for a new concept of neurosurgical training

C. Fanizzi;F. Dimeco;
2020

Abstract

Background: Neurosurgical training has traditionally been based on an apprenticeship model that requires considerable time and exposure to surgeries. Unfortunately, nowadays these requirements are hampered by several limitations (e.g., decreased caseload, worktime restrictions). Furthermore, teaching methods vary among residency programs due to cultural differences, monetary restrictions, and infrastructure conditions, with the possible consequence of jeopardizing residents’ training. Methods: The EANS Basic Brain Course originated from a collaboration between the Besta NeuroSim Center in Milano and the Swiss Foundation for Innovation and Training in Surgery in Geneva. It was held for 5 neurosurgical residents (PGY1-3) who participated to this first pilot experience in January 2019. The main goal was to cover the very basic aspects of cranial surgery, including both technical and non-technical skills. The course was developed in modules, starting from the diagnostic paths and communication with patients (played by professional actors), then moving to practical simulation sessions, rapid theoretical lessons, and discussions based on real cases and critical ethical aspects. At the end, the candidates had cadaver lab sessions in which they practiced basic emergency procedures and craniotomies. The interaction between the participants and the faculties was created and maintained using role plays that smoothly improved the cooperation during debriefs and discussions, thus making the sessions exceedingly involving. Results: At the end of the course, every trainee was able to complete the course curriculum and all the participants expressed their appreciation for this innovative format, with a particular emphasis on the time spent learning non-technical skills, confirming that they feel this to be a fundamental aspect of a comprehensive training in neurosurgery. Conclusions: It is possible that this combined concept of training on technical and non-technical skills, using emerging technologies along with pedagogic techniques and cadaver dissection, may become the state-of-the-art for European Neurosurgical training programs in the next future.
Brain surgery; Cadaver dissection; Hands-on course; Neurosurgical training; Non-technical skills; Simulation
Settore MED/27 - Neurochirurgia
mar-2020
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/722731
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