In this paper, we describe the effects of the expression of GM3 synthase at high levels in human ovarian carcinoma cells. Overexpression of GM3 synthase in A2780 cells consistently resulted in elevated ganglioside (GM3, GM2 and GD1a) levels. GM3 synthase overexpressing cells had a growth rate similar to wild-type cells, but showed a strongly reduced in vitro cell motility accompanied by reduced levels of the epithelial-mesenchymal transition marker α smooth muscle actin. A similar reduction in cell motility was observed upon treatment with exogenous GM3, GM2, and GM1, but not with GD1a. A photolabeling experiment using radioactive and photoactivable GM3 highlighted several proteins directly interacting with GM3. Among those, caveolin-1 was identified as a GM3-interacting protein in GM3 synthase overexpressing cells. Remarkably, caveolin-1 was markedly upregulated in GM3 synthase overexpressing cells. In addition, the motility of low GM3 synthase expressing cells was also reduced in the presence of a Src kinase inhibitor; on the other hand, higher levels of the inactive form of c-Src were detected in GM3 synthase overexpressing cells, associated with a ganglioside- and caveolin-rich detergent insoluble fraction.
GM3 synthase overexpression results in reduced cell motility and caveolin-1 up-regulation in human ovarian carcinoma cells / A.E.G. Prinetti, M. Aureli, G. Illuzzi, S. Prioni, V. Nocco, F. Scandroglio, N. Gagliano, G. Tredici, V. Rodriguez-Mendez, V.L. Chigorno, S. Sonnino. - In: GLYCOBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0959-6658. - 20:1(2010), pp. 62-77.
|Titolo:||GM3 synthase overexpression results in reduced cell motility and caveolin-1 up-regulation in human ovarian carcinoma cells|
AURELI, MASSIMO (Secondo)
CHIGORNO, VANNA LUIGIA (Penultimo)
SONNINO, SANDRO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Caveolin-1; Gangliosides; GM3 synthase; Motility; Ovarian cancer|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana
Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/glycob/cwp143|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|