A series of WO3, BiVO4 and WO3/BiVO4 heterojunction coatings were deposited on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO), by means of reactive radio frequency (RF) plasma (co)sputtering, and tested as photoanodes for water splitting under simulatedAM1.5 G solar light in a three-electrode photoelectrochemical (PEC) cell in a 0.5 M NaSO4 electrolyte solution. The PEC performance and time stability of the heterojunction increases with an increase of the WO3 innermost layer up to 1000 nm. A two-step calcination treatment (600 °C after WO3 deposition followed by 400 °C after BiVO4 deposition) led to a most performing photoanode under back-side irradiation, generating a photocurrent density of 1.7 mA cm-2 at 1.4 V vs. SCE (i.e., two-fold and five-fold higher than that generated by individual WO3 and BiVO4 photoanodes, respectively). The incident photon to current efficiency (IPCE) measurements reveal the presence of two activity regions over the heterojunction with respect to WO3 alone: The PEC efficiency increases due to improved charge carrier separation above 450 nm (i.e., below the WO3 excitation energy), while it decreases below 450 nm (i.e., when both semiconductors are excited) due to electron–hole recombination at the interface of the two semiconductors.
Multilayer WO3/BiVO4 Photoanodes for Solar-Driven Water Splitting Prepared by RF-Plasma Sputtering / M. Pedroni, G.L. Chiarello, E. Vassallo, E. Selli. - In: SURFACES. - ISSN 2571-9637. - 3:1(2020 Mar 13), pp. 105-115.
|Titolo:||Multilayer WO3/BiVO4 Photoanodes for Solar-Driven Water Splitting Prepared by RF-Plasma Sputtering|
CHIARELLO, GIAN LUCA (Secondo) [Writing – Original Draft Preparation] (Corresponding)
SELLI, ELENA (Ultimo) [Supervision]
|Parole Chiave:||WO3/BiVO4 heterojunction; RF-plasma sputtering; photocatalytic water splitting; photoelectrochemical cell|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-mar-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/surfaces3010010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|