Germplasm preservation of animals, whether they are valuable domestic breeds or rare species, is the main goal of gamete cryobanking. Dogs and cats act as models for this purpose thanks to the wide availability of biological material which can be employed to experiment protocols that can then be applied to wild animals. This review is focused on spermatozoa, oocytes and gonadal tissues cryobanking in small domestic animals, which is still an unsolved case. Like in a courtroom, evidences of cryoinjuries affecting cellular structures will be presented, penalties as loss of functionality due to cellular alterations will be described, and appeal as strategies to protect gametes from damages or rescue their functionality will be discussed. Differences and similarities between single cell or tissue cryopreservation will be highlighted, together with the rationale for the choice of one type of preservation or another and the fundamental principles which they are based on. The deep analysis of different aspects that still hamper the success of cryopreservation in small animals can help clarify where research is most needed. Therefore, as in a cold case, investigation should remain open in order to hopefully find the solution and make these procedures more and more efficient in the future.
Cold case : small animal gametes cryobanking / G.C. Luvoni, M. Colombo. - In: THERIOGENOLOGY. - ISSN 0093-691X. - 150(2020 Jul), pp. 445-451.
|Titolo:||Cold case : small animal gametes cryobanking|
LUVONI, GAIA CECILIA RITA (Primo) (Corresponding)
COLOMBO, MARTINA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||cat; cryopreservation; dog; gonadal tissues; oocyte; sperm|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/10 - Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologia Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||lug-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||3-mar-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2020.02.047|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|