The ongoing debate on whether agri-food (public) regulatory standards are barriers or catalysts to trade is particularly pertinent for developing countries who are often standard-takers. Current evidence on the trade effects of regulatory standards is ambiguous. In this paper, we give a contribution focusing on the firm heterogeneity trade effects of (different) types of agri-food standards, considering firm-level exports from Peru. Particular emphasis is given to standards with different degree of restrictiveness, such as specific trade concerns (STCs) raised on the most stringent NTMs, and to product-quality upgrading. Results show that only the most restrictive NTMs significantly limit agri-food exports for Peruvian firms, affecting the probability to trade, firms' exit and the export volume. Regular SPSs are found to enhance trade. Importantly, we uncovered relevant heterogonous effects of NTMs on firms of different size, showing that only the most stringent standards result in product quality upgrading.

Standards, trade margins and product quality: Firm-level evidence from Peru / D. Curzi, M. Schuster, M. Maertens, A. Olper. - In: FOOD POLICY. - ISSN 0306-9192. - 91(2020 Jan). [10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101834]

Standards, trade margins and product quality: Firm-level evidence from Peru

D. Curzi
Primo
;
A. Olper
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

The ongoing debate on whether agri-food (public) regulatory standards are barriers or catalysts to trade is particularly pertinent for developing countries who are often standard-takers. Current evidence on the trade effects of regulatory standards is ambiguous. In this paper, we give a contribution focusing on the firm heterogeneity trade effects of (different) types of agri-food standards, considering firm-level exports from Peru. Particular emphasis is given to standards with different degree of restrictiveness, such as specific trade concerns (STCs) raised on the most stringent NTMs, and to product-quality upgrading. Results show that only the most restrictive NTMs significantly limit agri-food exports for Peruvian firms, affecting the probability to trade, firms' exit and the export volume. Regular SPSs are found to enhance trade. Importantly, we uncovered relevant heterogonous effects of NTMs on firms of different size, showing that only the most stringent standards result in product quality upgrading.
English
NTMs; Firm-level data; Trade margins; Product quality
Settore AGR/01 - Economia ed Estimo Rurale
Articolo
Esperti anonimi
Pubblicazione scientifica
gen-2020
Elsevier
91
101834
Pubblicato
Periodico con rilevanza internazionale
crossref
Aderisco
info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Standards, trade margins and product quality: Firm-level evidence from Peru / D. Curzi, M. Schuster, M. Maertens, A. Olper. - In: FOOD POLICY. - ISSN 0306-9192. - 91(2020 Jan). [10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.101834]
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Prodotti della ricerca::01 - Articolo su periodico
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262
Article (author)
no
D. Curzi, M. Schuster, M. Maertens, A. Olper
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/720856
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