Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is the most specific marker for diagnosis of chronic excessive alcohol consumption and includes the serum transferrin (Tf) isoforms with two or less sialic acid residues (di-, mono-, and asialo-Tf). To monitor serum CDT, we developed a capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method based on the dynamic capillary coating with diethylenetriamine (DETA). The separation was performed in a bare fused-silica capillary (50 mm ID, 57 cm in length), applying a voltage of 25 kV and a temperature of 407C. Using a 100 mmol/L borate buffer, pH 8.4 with 3 mmol/L DETA, the Tf isoforms (asialo- to pentasialo-Tf) were resolved within 16 min. Enzymatic cleavage of sialic acid residues with neuraminidase and immunosubtraction were used to identify CDT isoforms. The relative amount of CDTexpressed as area%of disialo-Tf isoform related to the area of tetrasialo-Tf in 50 healthy donors (24 males and 26 females; aged 25–50 years) was 3.156 0.76% (mean 6 SD). The comparison between CDT values obtained by this CZE procedure and the “Axis-Shield %CDT” kit gave r = 0.644, p , 0.001 (n = 290). This easy to use and inexpensive CZE procedure could be an ideal tool to investigate CDT proteins for clinical or forensic purposes.
|Titolo:||Capillary zone electrophoresis for determination of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin in human serum|
PARONI, RITA CLARA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Alcohol abuse; Capillary zone electrophoresis; Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin; Diethylenetriamine|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/elps.200305694|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|