The high concentrations of free fatty acids as a consequence of obesity and being overweight have become risk factors for the development of different diseases, including neurodegenerative ailments. Free fatty acids are strongly related to inflammatory events, causing cellular and tissue alterations in the brain, including cell death, deficits in neurogenesis and gliogenesis, and cognitive decline. It has been reported that people with a high body mass index have a higher risk of suffering from Alzheimer's disease. Hormones such as oestradiol not only have beneficial effects on brain tissue, but also exert some adverse effects on peripheral tissues, including the ovary and breast. For this reason, some studies have evaluated the protective effect of oestrogen receptor (ER) agonists with more specific tissue activities, such as the neuroactive steroid tibolone. Activation of ERs positively affects the expression of pro-survival factors and cell signalling pathways, thus promoting cell survival. This review aims to discuss the relationship between lipotoxicity and the development of neurodegenerative diseases. We also elaborate on the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in neuroprotection induced by oestrogens.
Lipotoxicity, neuroinflammation, glial cells and oestrogenic compounds / O. Hidalgo-Lanussa, E. Baez-Jurado, V. Echeverria, G.M. Ashraf, A. Sahebkar, L.M. Garcia-Segura, R.C. Melcangi, G.E. Barreto. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 0953-8194. - 32:1(2020 Jan), pp. e12776.1-e12776.15.
|Titolo:||Lipotoxicity, neuroinflammation, glial cells and oestrogenic compounds|
|Parole Chiave:||lipotoxicity; microglia; neurodegenerative diseases; neurosteroids; obesity; oestrogens|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||8-ago-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jne.12776|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|