Medicine shortages have been spreading in European countries. In many cases, the unavailability of medicinal products has a substantial impact on the capability of National healthcare systems in ensuring the continuity of care. Shortages originate from multifactorial causes. In particular, they can be due to supply-related factors (e.g., manufacturing issues, regulatory issues, logistics, distribution) and demand-related ones (e.g., fluctuating drug demand, parallel market, tendering, price and reimbursement policies). However, some extraordinary geopolitical events (e.g., Brexit) may also affect the medicines' availability. The capability of European regulatory Authorities and other subjects involved in the pharmaceutical distribution chain and the healthcare assistance services in defining suitable problem-solving strategies has been limited for years by the fragmentation of the European regulatory framework, starting from the lack of a univocal definition of a medicine shortage. Only in 2019, the EMA and HMA joint task force released the first harmonized "shortage" definition in the European Economic Area (EEA) and guidance on public communication. This manuscript aimed to review the current European regulatory framework on medicine shortages. To support the activities of regulators, manufacturers and other healthcare professionals, an algorithm was also proposed to be used as a harmonized procedure to determine the shortage/unavailability impact on public health and to rationalize the problem-solving strategies adopted in all different settings.
New regulatory strategies to manage medicines shortages in Europe / U.M. Musazzi, D. Di Giorgio, P. Minghetti. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS. - ISSN 0378-5173. - 579(2020 Apr).
|Titolo:||New regulatory strategies to manage medicines shortages in Europe|
MUSAZZI, UMBERTO MARIA (Primo) (Corresponding)
MINGHETTI, PAOLA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Drug distribution; Drug manufacturing; Drug shortage; Drug unavailability; Mitigation strategy; Shortage impact|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/09 - Farmaceutico Tecnologico Applicativo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||21-feb-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119171|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|