Circular dichroism and 1H and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy have been used to investigate complex formation between cytochrome c and the flavodoxins from Azotobacter vinelandii and Clostridium pasteurianum. Such complexes are known to be involved in the mechanism of electron transfer between these two redox proteins. A large increase in ellipticity in the Soret band of the cytochrome heme was observed upon formation of the Clostridium flavodoxin complex, whereas much smaller changes were found for the complexes with either Azotobacter flavodoxin or an 8a-imidazolyl-FMN-substituted Clostridium flavodoxin analogue. Similarly, the magnitudes of the perturbations of the contact-shifted heme proton resonances obtained upon complexation of cytochrome c by Azotobacter flavodoxin were much smaller than those previously shown for Clostridium flavodoxin [Hazzard, J.T., & Tollin, G. (1985) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 130, 1281–1286]. 31P nuclear magnetic resonance measurements were also consistent with differences in the interactions between the components in the complexes of the two flavodoxins with cytochrome c. It is suggested that these spectral changes are due to a loosening or opening of the heme crevice upon Clostridium flavodoxin binding, which allows closer contact between the heme and flavin prosthetic groups and results in a faster rate of electron transfer. The implications of these observations for biological oxidation-reduction processes are considered.

Flavodoxin-cytochrome c interactions : circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance studies / G. Tollin, K. Brown, R. De Francesco, D.E. Edmondson. - In: BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0006-2960. - 26:16(1987), pp. 5042-5048.

Flavodoxin-cytochrome c interactions : circular dichroism and nuclear magnetic resonance studies

R. De Francesco;
1987

Abstract

Circular dichroism and 1H and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy have been used to investigate complex formation between cytochrome c and the flavodoxins from Azotobacter vinelandii and Clostridium pasteurianum. Such complexes are known to be involved in the mechanism of electron transfer between these two redox proteins. A large increase in ellipticity in the Soret band of the cytochrome heme was observed upon formation of the Clostridium flavodoxin complex, whereas much smaller changes were found for the complexes with either Azotobacter flavodoxin or an 8a-imidazolyl-FMN-substituted Clostridium flavodoxin analogue. Similarly, the magnitudes of the perturbations of the contact-shifted heme proton resonances obtained upon complexation of cytochrome c by Azotobacter flavodoxin were much smaller than those previously shown for Clostridium flavodoxin [Hazzard, J.T., & Tollin, G. (1985) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 130, 1281–1286]. 31P nuclear magnetic resonance measurements were also consistent with differences in the interactions between the components in the complexes of the two flavodoxins with cytochrome c. It is suggested that these spectral changes are due to a loosening or opening of the heme crevice upon Clostridium flavodoxin binding, which allows closer contact between the heme and flavin prosthetic groups and results in a faster rate of electron transfer. The implications of these observations for biological oxidation-reduction processes are considered.
biochemistry
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/717098
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