Because of their unique structure and properties, rare-earth (REE) orthovanadates are extensively employed since decades in advanced ceramics, in particular in the laser industry in replacement of Nd:YAG. Ca-bearing rare-earth orthovanadate with empirical formula (Ce0.279 Ca0.271 Y0.267 Gd0.057 Nd0.055 Dy0.032 Sm0.027 La0.020 Th0.027 Sr0.002) (V5+0.908 Cr3+0.067 Fe3+0.017 As5+0.005) O4 • n H2O has been found in metacherts from Praborna (Italian Alps), as micrometer-sized euhedral crystals in clinopyroxene + plagioclase symplectites replacing eclogite-facies vanadium-bearing omphacite (Aegirine55–48Jadeite42–33Diopside10–8 with V2O3 ≤ 1.39 wt%). We applied synchrotron radiation single crystal micro-diffraction technique, recently optimized at ID09A beamline (ESRF, France), to determine the crystal structure of this mineral. It is tetragonal and isostructural with zircon, with a = 7.2233(12) Å, c = 6.3949(18) Å, V = 333.66(13) Å3, Z = 4, spatial group I41/amd and it has been therefore identified as Ca- and Y-bearing wakefieldite-(Ce) (ideally CeV5+O4). Cell parameters are in agreement with those of synthetic Ce0.7Ca0.3VO4. Raman spectra of the studied wakefieldite-(Ce) are comparable with natural and synthetic wakefieldite-(Ce) spectra and revealed the presence of OH groups and/or water of hydration, which is also suggested by the low totals in microprobe analyses. Mass balance indicates that wakefieldite-(Ce) is a by-product of the omphacite breakdown; omphacite and Mn-rich epidote, a minor reactant, provided vanadium and REE respectively. Petrological observation and thermodynamic modeling suggest that the mineral, coexisting with hematite, Mn-rich epidote and braunite, formed during retrogression to greenschist-facies conditions at ultra-oxidized conditions (∆FMQ ≥ +16 log units), which are often observed in Mn-oxide ores. Wakefieldite is an effective scavenger of REE in oxidized geological environments at P–T conditions that range from sedimentary to medium-grade metamorphic settings, even where the REE bulk concentration is negligible. Its rarity reflects both the overall low abundance of vanadium and the scarcely recorded ultra-oxidized conditions in metamorphic rock systems, where REE phosphates (i.e., monazite, xenotime) are commonly found instead.
Orthovanadate wakefieldite-(Ce) in symplectites replacing vanadium-bearing omphacite in the ultra-oxidized manganese deposit of Praborna (Aosta Valley, Western Italian Alps) / S. Tumiati, M. Merlini, G. Godard, M. Hanfland, P. Fumagalli. - In: AMERICAN MINERALOGIST. - ISSN 0003-004X. - 105:8(2020), pp. 1242-1253.
|Titolo:||Orthovanadate wakefieldite-(Ce) in symplectites replacing vanadium-bearing omphacite in the ultra-oxidized manganese deposit of Praborna (Aosta Valley, Western Italian Alps)|
TUMIATI, SIMONE (Primo) (Corresponding)
FUMAGALLI, PATRIZIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||vanadate; wakefieldite; manganese; Alps|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore GEO/07 - Petrologia e Petrografia|
Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia
|Progetto:||Dipartimenti di Eccellenza 2018-2022 - Dipartimento di SCIENZE DELLA TERRA "ARDITO DESIO"|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/am-2020-7219|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|