In view of better environmental sustainability, livestock diets must not exceed protein requirements, as often happens with lactating goats reared in semi-intensive systems. The aim of this experiment was to verify in real-breeding conditions the influence of two diets with different protein contents (% crude protein (CP) on dry matter (DM)): 16.0 (high-protein diet; HP) vs 12.2 (low-protein diet; LP) on milk production in dairy goats. The diets differed only in the replacement-in the LP diet-of 250 g soybean meal with 250 g maize grain meal. Twenty-three Alpine goats were divided into two groups and used in a cross-over feeding trial for 2 months. Animals were weighed at the beginning of each month of the trial, and feed intake and milk yield and composition were recorded weekly. HP and LP did not differ statistically for milk yield and composition (3.32 vs 3.42 kg milk/d, 3.21% vs 3.27% fat, 3.31% vs 3.27% protein for HP and LP, respectively), but the HP diet determined a higher milk urea content (51.2 vs 36.6 mg/dL, p < 0.001) and a worse efficiency of nitrogen utilization (28.0% vs 37.2%). In conclusion, the LP diet resulted in a reduction of urinary nitrogen excretion by 28% and of the feed cost by about 10%.
The Effects of Substituting Dietary Soybean Meal with Maize Grain on Milk Production in Dairy Goats / L. Rapetti, G. Galassi, A. Rota Graziosi, G.M. Crovetto, S. Colombini. - In: ANIMALS. - ISSN 2076-2615. - 10:2(2020 Feb 13).
|Titolo:||The Effects of Substituting Dietary Soybean Meal with Maize Grain on Milk Production in Dairy Goats|
RAPETTI, LUCA (Primo) (Corresponding)
GALASSI, GIANLUCA (Secondo)
CROVETTO, GIANNI MATTEO (Penultimo)
COLOMBINI, STEFANIA (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||dairy goat; goat milk; maize grain; milk urea; protein content; soybean meal|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||13-feb-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani10020299|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|