OBJECTIVES: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) is believed to contribute to the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. The association of the D299G polymorphism of the TLR-4 gene with the progression of coronary and carotid atherosclerosis, risk of cardiovascular events and myocardial infarction is controversial. We have investigated whether the presence of the D299G polymorphism and the co-segregated T399I polymorphism affects the intima-media thickness (IMT) in the general population. SUBJECTS: The PLIC study population (n = 1256) was genotyped for the D299G and the T399I polymorphisms. RESULTS: The presence of both the D299G and T399I alleles was observed in the 13.0% of the population, carriers of the T399I alone were 1.8% and of the D299G alone were 0.9%. No difference in IMT was detected within the carriers of the D299G and T399I alleles and the wild-type subjects in the PLIC population. Furthermore, we investigated whether monocyte from D299G to T399I subjects present a defective response to CD40, interleukin (IL)-6, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, cyclo-oxygenase (COX)-2 and PTX3 expression induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). When the monocyte-derived macrophages of these subjects were challenged with LPS (1 mug mL(-1)), no impact of the polymorphisms on the induction of CD40, MCP-1 and PTX3 was observed. Only IL-6 and COX-2 induction by LPS resulted reduced in the D299G/T399I carriers. CONCLUSION: The presence of the D299G and T399I polymorphisms of the TLR-4 gene does not play a major role on the progression of carotid atherosclerosis. Macrophages from the subjects carrying the polymorphisms show an impaired response to LPS limited only to a IL-6 and COX-2.
Effect of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) variants on intima-media thickness and monocyte-derived macrophage response to LPS / G.D. Norata, K. Garlaschelli, M. Ongari, S. Raselli, L. Grigore, F. Benvenuto, F.M. Maggi, A.L. Catapano.. - In: JOURNAL OF INTERNAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 0954-6820. - 258:1(2005), pp. 21-27.
|Titolo:||Effect of the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) variants on intima-media thickness and monocyte-derived macrophage response to LPS|
NORATA, GIUSEPPE DANILO (Primo)
GARLASCHELLI, KATIA (Secondo)
CATAPANO, ALBERICO LUIGI (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cyclo-oxygenase-2; Gene expression; Inflammation; Interleukin-6; Lipopolysaccharide; Toll-like receptors|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2796.2005.01509.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|