Circulating endothelial cells (CECs) and circulating endothelial progenitors (CEPs) are currently being investigated in a variety of diseases as markers of vascular turnover or damage and, also in the case of CEPs, vasculogenesis. CEPs appear to have a "catalytic" role in different steps of cancer progression and recurrence after therapy, and there are preclinical and clinical data suggesting that CEC enumeration might be useful to select and stratify patients who are candidates for anti-angiogenic treatments. In some types of cancer, CECs and CEPs might be one of the possible hidden identities of cancer stem cells. The definition of CEC and CEP phenotype and the standardization of CEC and CEP enumeration strategies are highly desirable goals in order to exploit these cells as reliable biomarkers in oncology clinical trials.
|Titolo:||The multiple personality disorder phenotype(s) of circulating endothelial cells in cancer|
|Parole Chiave:||Angiogenesis; Endothelial cells; Endothelial progenitors|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/08 - Anatomia Patologica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-2009|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.bbcan.2009.04.003|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|