The “Wason selection task” is still one of the most studied tasks in cognitive psychology. We argue that the low performance originally obtained seems to be caused by how the information of the task is presented. By systematically manipulating the task instructions, making explicit the information that participants are required to infer in accordance with the logical interpretation of the material implication “if, then”, we found an improvement in performance. In Experiment 1, the conditional rule has been formulated within a relevant context and in accordance with the conversational rules of communication, hence transmitting the actual meaning of the material implication. In Experiment 2, a similar improvement has been obtained even without the realistic scenario, only by making explicit the unidirectionality of the material implication. We conclude that task instructions are often formulate neglecting the conversational rules of communication, and this greatly reduces the possibility to succeed in the task.
Speak your mind and I will make it right: the case of “selection task” / L. Macchi, L. Caravona, F. Poli, M. Bagassi, M.A.G. Franchella. - In: JOURNAL OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY. - ISSN 2044-5911. - 32:1(2020 Jan 02), pp. 93-107.
|Titolo:||Speak your mind and I will make it right: the case of “selection task”|
|Parole Chiave:||logic; natural language; pragmatic approach; psychoretorical approach; Selection task|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore M-FIL/02 - Logica e Filosofia della Scienza|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2-gen-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2019.1707207|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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