Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) is a major plant hormone that affects many cellular processes in plants, bacteria, yeast, and human cells through still unknown mechanisms. In this study, we demonstrated that the IAA-treatment of two unrelated bacteria, the Ensifer meliloti 1021 and Escherichia coli, harboring two different host range plasmids, influences the supercoiled state of the two plasmid DNAs in vivo. Results obtained from in vitro assays show that IAA interacts with DNA, leading to DNA conformational changes commonly induced by intercalating agents. We provide evidence that IAA inhibits the activity of the type IA topoisomerase, which regulates the DNA topological state in bacteria, through the relaxation of the negative supercoiled DNA. In addition, we demonstrate that the treatment of E. meliloti cells with IAA induces the expression of some genes, including the ones related to nitrogen fixation. In contrast, these genes were significantly repressed by the treatment with novobiocin, which reduces the DNA supercoiling in bacterial cells. Taking into account the overall results reported, we hypothesize that the IAA action and the DNA structure/function might be correlated and involved in the regulation of gene expression. This work points out that checking whether IAA influences the DNA topology under physiological conditions could be a useful strategy to clarify the mechanism of action of this hormone, not only in plants but also in other unrelated organisms.
|Titolo:||New insights into structural and functional roles of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) : Changes in DNA topology and gene expression in bacteria|
|Parole Chiave:||DNA supercoiling; Gene expression; Indole-3-acetic acid; Nitrogen-fixation genes; Topoisomerases|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/18 - Genetica|
Settore BIO/04 - Fisiologia Vegetale
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/biom9100522|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|