Among patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) the risk of mortality remains extremely high. We investigated whether arterial stiffness evaluated by aortic Pulse Wave Velocity (aPWV) and Augmentation index normalized for a standard heart rate of 75 bpm (Aix@75), predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total mortality in PAD and No-PAD patients. In 231 PAD patients (ankle-brachial index-ABI ≤ 0.9) and 167 No-PAD (ABI ≥ 0.91 < 1.3) the aPWV and Aix @75HR were evaluated using arterial tonometry and ABI values were obtained using an 8-MHz Doppler probe. The CVD and total mortality rates in relation to aPWV and Aix@75HR were analyzed using Cox regression model. During a mean follow-up of 5.4 ± 2 years 39 (16.9%) deaths occurred in PAD patients and 8 (4.8%) in No-PAD. In the population study, the age was a predictor of CVD mortality (HR = 0.143, 95% CI, 0.06-0.23; p = 0.0004) while the aPWV, was a predictor of total mortality (HR = 1.18, 95% CI, 1.07-1.30; p = 0.0008). In the PAD group, the aPWV remained associated with an increased risk for total mortality (HR = 1.14, 95% CI, 1.03-1.27; p = 0.010). An increase of aPWV may be an indicator of total mortality in PAD patients.

Arterial stiffness and 5-year mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease / G. Scandale, G. Dimitrov, M. Recchia, G. Carzaniga, E. Perilli, M. Carotta, M. Catalano. - In: JOURNAL OF HUMAN HYPERTENSION. - ISSN 0950-9240. - (2019). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1038/s41371-019-0254-3]

Arterial stiffness and 5-year mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease

G. Carzaniga;M. Carotta;M. Catalano
2019

Abstract

Among patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) the risk of mortality remains extremely high. We investigated whether arterial stiffness evaluated by aortic Pulse Wave Velocity (aPWV) and Augmentation index normalized for a standard heart rate of 75 bpm (Aix@75), predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total mortality in PAD and No-PAD patients. In 231 PAD patients (ankle-brachial index-ABI ≤ 0.9) and 167 No-PAD (ABI ≥ 0.91 < 1.3) the aPWV and Aix @75HR were evaluated using arterial tonometry and ABI values were obtained using an 8-MHz Doppler probe. The CVD and total mortality rates in relation to aPWV and Aix@75HR were analyzed using Cox regression model. During a mean follow-up of 5.4 ± 2 years 39 (16.9%) deaths occurred in PAD patients and 8 (4.8%) in No-PAD. In the population study, the age was a predictor of CVD mortality (HR = 0.143, 95% CI, 0.06-0.23; p = 0.0004) while the aPWV, was a predictor of total mortality (HR = 1.18, 95% CI, 1.07-1.30; p = 0.0008). In the PAD group, the aPWV remained associated with an increased risk for total mortality (HR = 1.14, 95% CI, 1.03-1.27; p = 0.010). An increase of aPWV may be an indicator of total mortality in PAD patients.
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
23-set-2019
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
AS 5-year mortality PDF_proof_hi.pdf

embargo fino al 23/03/2020

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 729.76 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
729.76 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/705915
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact