Among patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) the risk of mortality remains extremely high. We investigated whether arterial stiffness evaluated by aortic Pulse Wave Velocity (aPWV) and Augmentation index normalized for a standard heart rate of 75 bpm (Aix@75), predict cardiovascular disease (CVD) and total mortality in PAD and No-PAD patients. In 231 PAD patients (ankle-brachial index-ABI ≤ 0.9) and 167 No-PAD (ABI ≥ 0.91 < 1.3) the aPWV and Aix @75HR were evaluated using arterial tonometry and ABI values were obtained using an 8-MHz Doppler probe. The CVD and total mortality rates in relation to aPWV and Aix@75HR were analyzed using Cox regression model. During a mean follow-up of 5.4 ± 2 years 39 (16.9%) deaths occurred in PAD patients and 8 (4.8%) in No-PAD. In the population study, the age was a predictor of CVD mortality (HR = 0.143, 95% CI, 0.06-0.23; p = 0.0004) while the aPWV, was a predictor of total mortality (HR = 1.18, 95% CI, 1.07-1.30; p = 0.0008). In the PAD group, the aPWV remained associated with an increased risk for total mortality (HR = 1.14, 95% CI, 1.03-1.27; p = 0.010). An increase of aPWV may be an indicator of total mortality in PAD patients.
|Titolo:||Arterial stiffness and 5-year mortality in patients with peripheral arterial disease|
CATALANO, MARIA (Corresponding)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2019|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||23-set-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41371-019-0254-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|