The double-flower phenotype has been selected by humans for its attractiveness in various plant species and it is of great commercial value for the ornamental market. In this paper we investigated the genetic determinant of the dominant double-flower trait in carnation, petunia and Rosa rugosa, identifying mutant alleles of TARGET OF EAT (TOE)-type genes characterized by a disruption of the miR172 target sequence and of the C-terminal portion of the encoded protein. Despite the phylogenetic distance between these eudicots, which diverged in the early Cretaceous, the orthologous genes carrying such mutations all belong to a single TOE-type subgroup, herein referred to as PETALOSA (PET). Homology searches allowed us to identify PET sequences in various other species. To confirm the results on naturally occurring mutations, we used CrispR-Cas9 to induce lesions within the miR172 target site of Nicotiana tabacum PET genes, and this resulted in the development of supernumerary petaloid structures. This study describes pet alleles in economically important ornamentals and provides evidence about the possibility of identifying and engineering PET genes to obtain the desirable double-flower trait in different plants.

Mutations in orthologous PETALOSA TOE-type genes cause dominant double-flower phenotype in phylogenetically distant eudicots / S. Gattolin, M. Cirilli, S. Chessa, A. Stella, D. Bassi, L. Rossini. - In: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY. - ISSN 0022-0957. - 71:9(2020 May 09), pp. 2585-2595.

Mutations in orthologous PETALOSA TOE-type genes cause dominant double-flower phenotype in phylogenetically distant eudicots

M. Cirilli
Secondo
;
S. Chessa;D. Bassi
Penultimo
;
L. Rossini
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

The double-flower phenotype has been selected by humans for its attractiveness in various plant species and it is of great commercial value for the ornamental market. In this paper we investigated the genetic determinant of the dominant double-flower trait in carnation, petunia and Rosa rugosa, identifying mutant alleles of TARGET OF EAT (TOE)-type genes characterized by a disruption of the miR172 target sequence and of the C-terminal portion of the encoded protein. Despite the phylogenetic distance between these eudicots, which diverged in the early Cretaceous, the orthologous genes carrying such mutations all belong to a single TOE-type subgroup, herein referred to as PETALOSA (PET). Homology searches allowed us to identify PET sequences in various other species. To confirm the results on naturally occurring mutations, we used CrispR-Cas9 to induce lesions within the miR172 target site of Nicotiana tabacum PET genes, and this resulted in the development of supernumerary petaloid structures. This study describes pet alleles in economically important ornamentals and provides evidence about the possibility of identifying and engineering PET genes to obtain the desirable double-flower trait in different plants.
floral development; petal number; Dianthus; Rosa; petunia; tobacco
Settore AGR/07 - Genetica Agraria
9-mag-2020
21-gen-2020
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/705579
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