Several interesting Dark Matter (DM) models invoke a dark sector leading to two types of relic particles, possibly interacting with each other: non-relativistic DM, and relativistic Dark Radiation (DR) . These models have interesting consequences for cosmological observables, and could in principle solve problems like the small-scale cold DM crisis, Hubble tension, and/or low σ8 value. Their cosmological behaviour is captured by the ETHOS parametrisation, which includes a DR-DM scattering rate scaling like a power-law of the temperature, Tn. Scenarios with n=0, 2, or 4 can easily be realised in concrete dark sector set-ups. Here we update constraints on these three scenarios using recent CMB, BAO, and high-resolution Lyman-α data. We introduce a new Lyman-α likelihood that is applicable to a wide range of cosmological models with a suppression of the matter power spectrum on small scales. For n=2 and 4, we find that Lyman-α data strengthen the CMB+BAO bounds on the DM-DR interaction rate by many orders of magnitude. However, models offering a possible solution to the missing satellite problem are still compatible with our new bounds. For n=0, high-resolution Lyman-α data bring no stronger constraints on the interaction rate than CMB+BAO data, except for extremely small values of the DR density. Using CMB+BAO data and a theory-motivated prior on the minimal density of DR, we find that the n=0 model can reduce the Hubble tension from 4.1σ to 2.7σ, while simultaneously accommodating smaller values of the σ8 and S8 parameters hinted by cosmic shear data.

Constraining Dark Matter-Dark Radiation interactions with CMB, BAO, and Lyman-α / M. Archidiacono, D.C. Hooper, R. Murgia, S. Bohr, J. Lesgourgues, M. Viel. - In: JOURNAL OF COSMOLOGY AND ASTROPARTICLE PHYSICS. - ISSN 1475-7516. - 2019:10(2019 Oct). [10.1088/1475-7516/2019/10/055]

Constraining Dark Matter-Dark Radiation interactions with CMB, BAO, and Lyman-α

M. Archidiacono
Primo
;
2019

Abstract

Several interesting Dark Matter (DM) models invoke a dark sector leading to two types of relic particles, possibly interacting with each other: non-relativistic DM, and relativistic Dark Radiation (DR) . These models have interesting consequences for cosmological observables, and could in principle solve problems like the small-scale cold DM crisis, Hubble tension, and/or low σ8 value. Their cosmological behaviour is captured by the ETHOS parametrisation, which includes a DR-DM scattering rate scaling like a power-law of the temperature, Tn. Scenarios with n=0, 2, or 4 can easily be realised in concrete dark sector set-ups. Here we update constraints on these three scenarios using recent CMB, BAO, and high-resolution Lyman-α data. We introduce a new Lyman-α likelihood that is applicable to a wide range of cosmological models with a suppression of the matter power spectrum on small scales. For n=2 and 4, we find that Lyman-α data strengthen the CMB+BAO bounds on the DM-DR interaction rate by many orders of magnitude. However, models offering a possible solution to the missing satellite problem are still compatible with our new bounds. For n=0, high-resolution Lyman-α data bring no stronger constraints on the interaction rate than CMB+BAO data, except for extremely small values of the DR density. Using CMB+BAO data and a theory-motivated prior on the minimal density of DR, we find that the n=0 model can reduce the Hubble tension from 4.1σ to 2.7σ, while simultaneously accommodating smaller values of the σ8 and S8 parameters hinted by cosmic shear data.
cosmological perturbation theory; dark matter theory; Lyman alpha forest; particle physics - cosmology connection
Settore FIS/05 - Astronomia e Astrofisica
Settore FIS/02 - Fisica Teorica, Modelli e Metodi Matematici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/704742
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