For many years creatine kinase (CK) and CK-MB isoenzymes were used together with the ECG to confirm the presence of myocardial infarction. During the last decade newer cardiac markers have been introduced and immunological test systems developed for their quantification. Among these new markers, a prominent role has emerged for cardiac troponins (T or I). These technological advanced assays have shown greater sensitivity compared to “conventional cardiac enzymes”, thereby identifying patients with small – at times, microscopic – infarcts who would not have met defining criteria for myocardial infarction in an earlier era. Another major advantage shown by both cardiac troponins with respect to “conventional cardiac enzymes” is their ability to predict clinical outcome over a short- or long-term follow-up in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and this appears to be particularly relevant in patients with micronecrosis, who constitute a high-risk subgroup of unstable angina patients. Recently, myoglobin has also been widely applied as a marker. Although lacking in myocardial specificity, it is the earliest marker to show an increase after coronary occlusion. Thus, the combined use of myoglobin and a cardiospecific structural protein such as troponin T or I may prove an attractive strategy for biochemical testing in chest pain patients. With the routine use of these novel cardiac markers, fascinating opportunities are now open in the field of diagnostic classification (making the World Health Organization definition of myocardial infarction obsolete) and risk stratification in chest pain patients; opportunities that were unforeseen in the era of cardiac enzymes. However, the use of these markers has also posed some important questions on: a) the best and most cost-effective diagnostic strategy in chest pain patients; b) the remaining role of cardiac enzymes; c) the therapeutic consequences of a positive test result.
Ruolo dei marcatori biochimici di danno miocardico nella pratica clinica: Diagnosi di infarto e stratificazione del rischio / F. Ottani, M. Galvani, M. Panteghini, A. Dolci, M. Plebani, M. Tubaro, M. Zaninotto. - In: ITALIAN HEART JOURNAL. SUPPLEMENT. - ISSN 1129-4728. - 1:1(2000), pp. 54-64.
|Titolo:||Ruolo dei marcatori biochimici di danno miocardico nella pratica clinica: Diagnosi di infarto e stratificazione del rischio|
|Parole Chiave:||Acute myocardial; infarction; Troponin T; Troponin I; Cardiac enzymes|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/12 - Biochimica Clinica e Biologia Molecolare Clinica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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