Background Although the long-term outcome of mechanical mitral and aortic prosthetic valve (M-PV, Ao-PV), PV dysfunction (PVD) remains a very serious complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. Thrombosis/pannus and paravalvular leak are the 2 main mechanisms of PVD. The diagnosis of PVD, based on clinical presentation may be challenging, but it is essential for referring the patient to the optimal treatment (clinical follow-up, thrombolysis, surgery). An integrated multimodality imaging approach, comprising several parameters by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and fluoroscopy (F), is mandatory to pursue the correct therapeutic pathway. Purpose This study aims to evaluate the incremental diagnostic value of combined TTE+F over each imaging modality alone in symptomatic pts with Ao-PV or M-PV and high suspicion of PVD. Methods 387 consecutive pts (63±11y, 213 Ao-PV, 173 M-PV) suspected for PVD, symptomatic for dyspnea, embolic events, fever or haemolysis were enrolled. All patients were imaged by TTE and F within 2 days after the admission to the hospital. TTE was defined positive for PVD in presence of intra/para-prosthetic regurgitation or high transprosthetic gradient (>20mmHg in Ao-PV, >8mmHg in M-PV) together with altered Doppler parameters (for Ao-PV: DVI <0.25, AT>95ms; for M-PV: Peak Mitral Velocity>2m/sec, VTIPrMV/VTILVO>2.5, PHT>130ms). F was defined positive for PVD when leaflet/s restriction occurs. PVD was confirmed by transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) or positive response of thrombolysis (T), or surgical inspection (S). Results PVD was found in 46% (99/213) of Ao-PV and in 53% (91/173) of M-PV at TOE/T/S. Sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), negative predictive value (NPV), positive predictive value (PPV) and diagnostic accuracy (ACC) for TTE, F and combined TTE+F are reported in Table. The integration of TTE+F data significantly improved ACC both for Ao-PV and M-PV. At ROC analysis, the combined model of TTE+F showed the highest AUC for the detection of PVD compared with TTE and F alone (Figure). Table 1. Comparison of diagnostic accuracy between TTE, F, and TTE+F TTE-Ao-PV (n=211) F-Ao_PV (n=204) TTE+F-Ao-PV (n=202) TTE-M-PV (n=172) F-M-PV (n=158) TTE+F-M-PV (n=157) SE / SP / NPV / PPV / ACC (%) 86 / 89 / 88 / 88 / 88 59 / 99 / 72 / 98 / 79 94 / 88 / 94 / 88 / 91 74 / 90 / 75 / 89 / 81 49 / 96 / 60 / 93 / 70 81 / 86 / 78 / 88 / 83 Figure 1. ROC curves Conclusions In patients with clinical suspicion of PVD, TTE and F are both valid tools to evaluate the PV performance. However, the combined model of TTE+F had a significant incremental value over TTE or F alone to diagnose the presence of PVD. This multimodality imaging approach allows to overcome several weaknesses of the TTE or F alone and consequently provides a prompt recognition of PVD even though TOE remains the gold standard to diagnose paravalvular Leak and non-obstructive thrombosis.

Usefulness of multimodality imaging approach in the diagnosis of mechanical prosthetic valve dysfunction / L. Fusini, M. Muratori, G. Teruzzi, S. Ghulam Ali, E. Innocenti, N. Corrieri, G. Tamborini, M. Mapelli, F. Alamanni, P. Montorsi, M. Pepi. - In: EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL. - ISSN 0195-668X. - 40:Supplement 1(2019 Oct). ((Intervento presentato al convegno ESC Congress 2019 together with World Congress of Cardiology : 31 August – 4 September tenutosi a Paris (France) nel 2019 [10.1093/eurheartj/ehz748.0532].

Usefulness of multimodality imaging approach in the diagnosis of mechanical prosthetic valve dysfunction

L. Fusini
Primo
;
S. Ghulam Ali;E. Innocenti;N. Corrieri;M. Mapelli;F. Alamanni;P. Montorsi
Penultimo
;
2019

Abstract

Background Although the long-term outcome of mechanical mitral and aortic prosthetic valve (M-PV, Ao-PV), PV dysfunction (PVD) remains a very serious complication associated with high morbidity and mortality. Thrombosis/pannus and paravalvular leak are the 2 main mechanisms of PVD. The diagnosis of PVD, based on clinical presentation may be challenging, but it is essential for referring the patient to the optimal treatment (clinical follow-up, thrombolysis, surgery). An integrated multimodality imaging approach, comprising several parameters by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and fluoroscopy (F), is mandatory to pursue the correct therapeutic pathway. Purpose This study aims to evaluate the incremental diagnostic value of combined TTE+F over each imaging modality alone in symptomatic pts with Ao-PV or M-PV and high suspicion of PVD. Methods 387 consecutive pts (63±11y, 213 Ao-PV, 173 M-PV) suspected for PVD, symptomatic for dyspnea, embolic events, fever or haemolysis were enrolled. All patients were imaged by TTE and F within 2 days after the admission to the hospital. TTE was defined positive for PVD in presence of intra/para-prosthetic regurgitation or high transprosthetic gradient (>20mmHg in Ao-PV, >8mmHg in M-PV) together with altered Doppler parameters (for Ao-PV: DVI <0.25, AT>95ms; for M-PV: Peak Mitral Velocity>2m/sec, VTIPrMV/VTILVO>2.5, PHT>130ms). F was defined positive for PVD when leaflet/s restriction occurs. PVD was confirmed by transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) or positive response of thrombolysis (T), or surgical inspection (S). Results PVD was found in 46% (99/213) of Ao-PV and in 53% (91/173) of M-PV at TOE/T/S. Sensitivity (SE), specificity (SP), negative predictive value (NPV), positive predictive value (PPV) and diagnostic accuracy (ACC) for TTE, F and combined TTE+F are reported in Table. The integration of TTE+F data significantly improved ACC both for Ao-PV and M-PV. At ROC analysis, the combined model of TTE+F showed the highest AUC for the detection of PVD compared with TTE and F alone (Figure). Table 1. Comparison of diagnostic accuracy between TTE, F, and TTE+F TTE-Ao-PV (n=211) F-Ao_PV (n=204) TTE+F-Ao-PV (n=202) TTE-M-PV (n=172) F-M-PV (n=158) TTE+F-M-PV (n=157) SE / SP / NPV / PPV / ACC (%) 86 / 89 / 88 / 88 / 88 59 / 99 / 72 / 98 / 79 94 / 88 / 94 / 88 / 91 74 / 90 / 75 / 89 / 81 49 / 96 / 60 / 93 / 70 81 / 86 / 78 / 88 / 83 Figure 1. ROC curves Conclusions In patients with clinical suspicion of PVD, TTE and F are both valid tools to evaluate the PV performance. However, the combined model of TTE+F had a significant incremental value over TTE or F alone to diagnose the presence of PVD. This multimodality imaging approach allows to overcome several weaknesses of the TTE or F alone and consequently provides a prompt recognition of PVD even though TOE remains the gold standard to diagnose paravalvular Leak and non-obstructive thrombosis.
Prosthetic Heart Valves
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/702597
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