Background: The aim of this work is to evaluate pattern of care and clinical outcome in a large series of patients with in-breast recurrence (IBR), after quadrantectomy and intraoperative radiation therapy with electrons (IOERT) as partial breast irradiation. Patients and Methods: Patients with IBR after IOERT, treated with salvage surgery ± adjuvant reirradiation (re-RT), were selected from a multiinstitution database. Disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), cumulative incidence of second IBR, and distant metastases (DM) were estimated. Results: A total of 224/267 patients from seven institutions were included. Primary tumors received 21 Gy. Median time to first IBR was 4.3 years (range 2.6–6.1 years). Salvage mastectomy and repeat quadrantectomy were performed in 135 (60.3%) and 89 (39.7%) patients, followed by adjuvant re-RT in 21/135 (15.5%) and 63/89 (70.8%), respectively. Median follow-up after salvage treatment was 4.1 years. Overall, 5- and 8-year outcomes were as follows: cumulative incidence of second IBR: 8.4% and 14.8%; cumulative incidence of DM: 17.1% and 22.5%; DFS: 67.4% and 52.5%; OS: 89.3% and 74.7%. The risk of second IBR was similar in the salvage mastectomy and repeat quadrantectomy + RT groups [hazard ratio (HR) 1.41, p = 0.566], while salvage mastectomy patients had greater risk of DM (HR 3.15, p = 0.019), as well as poorer DFS (HR 2.13, p = 0.016) and a trend towards worse OS (HR 3.27, p = 0.059). Patients who underwent repeat quadrantectomy alone had worse outcomes (second IBR, HR 5.63, p = 0.006; DFS, HR 3.21, p = 0.003; OS, HR 4.38, p = 0.044) than those adding re-RT. Conclusions: Repeat quadrantectomy + RT represents an effective salvage approach and achieved local control comparable to that of salvage mastectomy.

Local Failure After Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation with Intraoperative Radiotherapy with Electrons : An Insight into Management and Outcome from an Italian Multicentric Study / M.C. Leonardi, L. Tomio, D. Radice, S. Takanen, E. Bonzano, M. Alessandro, A. Ciabattoni, G.B. Ivaldi, V. Bagnardi, O. Alessandro, C.M. Francia, C. Fodor, E. Miglietta, P. Veronesi, V.E. Galimberti, R. Orecchia, L. Tagliaferri, C. Vidali, M. Massaccesi, M. Guenzi, B.A. Jereczek-Fossa. - In: ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1068-9265. - 27:3(2020 Mar), pp. 752-762. [10.1245/s10434-019-08075-3]

Local Failure After Accelerated Partial Breast Irradiation with Intraoperative Radiotherapy with Electrons : An Insight into Management and Outcome from an Italian Multicentric Study

Alessandro O.;Francia C. M.;Veronesi P.;Orecchia R.;Jereczek-Fossa B. A.
2020-03

Abstract

Background: The aim of this work is to evaluate pattern of care and clinical outcome in a large series of patients with in-breast recurrence (IBR), after quadrantectomy and intraoperative radiation therapy with electrons (IOERT) as partial breast irradiation. Patients and Methods: Patients with IBR after IOERT, treated with salvage surgery ± adjuvant reirradiation (re-RT), were selected from a multiinstitution database. Disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), cumulative incidence of second IBR, and distant metastases (DM) were estimated. Results: A total of 224/267 patients from seven institutions were included. Primary tumors received 21 Gy. Median time to first IBR was 4.3 years (range 2.6–6.1 years). Salvage mastectomy and repeat quadrantectomy were performed in 135 (60.3%) and 89 (39.7%) patients, followed by adjuvant re-RT in 21/135 (15.5%) and 63/89 (70.8%), respectively. Median follow-up after salvage treatment was 4.1 years. Overall, 5- and 8-year outcomes were as follows: cumulative incidence of second IBR: 8.4% and 14.8%; cumulative incidence of DM: 17.1% and 22.5%; DFS: 67.4% and 52.5%; OS: 89.3% and 74.7%. The risk of second IBR was similar in the salvage mastectomy and repeat quadrantectomy + RT groups [hazard ratio (HR) 1.41, p = 0.566], while salvage mastectomy patients had greater risk of DM (HR 3.15, p = 0.019), as well as poorer DFS (HR 2.13, p = 0.016) and a trend towards worse OS (HR 3.27, p = 0.059). Patients who underwent repeat quadrantectomy alone had worse outcomes (second IBR, HR 5.63, p = 0.006; DFS, HR 3.21, p = 0.003; OS, HR 4.38, p = 0.044) than those adding re-RT. Conclusions: Repeat quadrantectomy + RT represents an effective salvage approach and achieved local control comparable to that of salvage mastectomy.
Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale
15-nov-2019
ANNALS OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
s10434-019-08075-3.pdf

non disponibili

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 360.77 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
360.77 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/702271
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact