Triclosan (TCS) is an antimicrobial agent used in diverse personal care products that is considered as an emerging contaminant of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Although TCS aquatic ecotoxicity is well known, information on the presence and effects on terrestrial organisms is still scarce. This study was aimed at exploring the embryotoxicity of TCS to the yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis) induced by the in-ovo injection of 150 ng TCS/g egg weight. Effects of TCS on embryo morphological traits (i.e. body mass, tarsus length and head size). Moreover, oxidative and genetic effects were assessed in the embryo liver, by measuring the amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the activity of antioxidant (superoxide dismutase and catalase) and detoxifying (glutathione S-transferase - GST) enzymes, the levels of lipid peroxidation and DNA fragmentation. After the injection, the concentration of TCS measured in the yolk of unincubated eggs (159 ± 35 ng/g wet weight, ww) was close to the expected concentration. Triclosan was found in residual yolk (2.9 ± 1.1 ng/g ww), liver (2.3 ± 1.1 ng/g ww) and brain (0.2 ± 0.1 ng/g ww) of embryos soon before hatching. Triclosan did not significantly affect embryo morphological traits, while it increased ROS levels and promoted GST activity, inducing the onset of both oxidative and genetic damage. This study demonstrated, for the first time in a wild euriecious bird species with mixed habits, that TCS can be maternally transferred to developing embryos, representing a potential threat for offspring.

Embryotoxic effects of in-ovo triclosan injection to the yellow-legged gull / C.D. Possenti, G. Poma, S. Defossé, M. Caprioli, B. De Felice, A. Romano, N. Saino, A. Covaci, M. Parolini. - In: CHEMOSPHERE. - ISSN 0045-6535. - 218:(2019 Mar), pp. 827-835. [10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.11.187]

Embryotoxic effects of in-ovo triclosan injection to the yellow-legged gull

C.D. Possenti
Primo
;
M. Caprioli;B. De Felice;A. Romano;N. Saino;M. Parolini
Ultimo
2019

Abstract

Triclosan (TCS) is an antimicrobial agent used in diverse personal care products that is considered as an emerging contaminant of both aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Although TCS aquatic ecotoxicity is well known, information on the presence and effects on terrestrial organisms is still scarce. This study was aimed at exploring the embryotoxicity of TCS to the yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis) induced by the in-ovo injection of 150 ng TCS/g egg weight. Effects of TCS on embryo morphological traits (i.e. body mass, tarsus length and head size). Moreover, oxidative and genetic effects were assessed in the embryo liver, by measuring the amount of reactive oxygen species (ROS), the activity of antioxidant (superoxide dismutase and catalase) and detoxifying (glutathione S-transferase - GST) enzymes, the levels of lipid peroxidation and DNA fragmentation. After the injection, the concentration of TCS measured in the yolk of unincubated eggs (159 ± 35 ng/g wet weight, ww) was close to the expected concentration. Triclosan was found in residual yolk (2.9 ± 1.1 ng/g ww), liver (2.3 ± 1.1 ng/g ww) and brain (0.2 ± 0.1 ng/g ww) of embryos soon before hatching. Triclosan did not significantly affect embryo morphological traits, while it increased ROS levels and promoted GST activity, inducing the onset of both oxidative and genetic damage. This study demonstrated, for the first time in a wild euriecious bird species with mixed habits, that TCS can be maternally transferred to developing embryos, representing a potential threat for offspring.
Embryotoxicity; In-ovo manipulation; Oxidative stress; Personal care products; Triclosan; Yellow-legged gull; Animals; Anti-Infective Agents; Antioxidants; Charadriiformes; Eggs; Embryo, Nonmammalian; Liver; Reactive Oxygen Species; Tissue Distribution; Triclosan
Settore BIO/07 - Ecologia
mar-2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/700513
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