Objective: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients tend to develop progressive respiratory muscle weakness, leading to ventilatory failure and ineffective cough, principal causes of morbidity and mortality. Since patients are usually unaware of these symptoms, these are generally not noticed until the advanced stages and are associated with poor prognosis. The monitoring of respiratory function on a regular basis is therefore of great importance. Despite the availability of several pulmonary function tests, none of them was found to be the best indicator of the disease progression throughout the course of this condition. The main aim of our work was to evaluate the prognostic value of these respiratory measures evaluated in a brief period of observation and their correlation with motor functional impairments in an ALS cohort. Patients and Methods: Patients with ALS who had respiratory assessments performed and functional motor scales administered at baseline and six months later were included. All patients were assessed with forced vital capacity, both in seated and supine position (FVC; sFVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF), peak expiratory cough flow (PCEF), the revised ALS functional rating scale (ALSFRS-R), at baseline and after six months, and their disease progression rate (AFS) was obtained. Results: We included 73 patients with probable or definite ALS according to El-Escorial revised Criteria. At baseline, PCEF and PEF significantly correlated with ALSFRS-R total, bulbar and spinal subscores and AFS, while FVC% significantly correlated with AFS. After 6 months all the respiratory parameters significantly correlated with ALSFRS-R and all its subscores. Longitudinally, FVC%, sFVC% and PCEF significantly correlated with AFS and some of ALSFRS-R subscores. As concerns the survival analysis, monthly declines of FVC% and sFVC%, significantly correlated with the survival. The worse prognosis in terms of survival was finally found in those whose FVC% and sEVC% dropped below their respective cut-offs. Conclusion Throughout the course of ALS disease, the monitoring of several respiratory markers, namely FVC, sFVC, PEF and PCEF, plays a critical role in predicting the prognosis of these subjects, both in terms of survival and functional ability. The implementation of monthly cut-offs in the evaluation of FVC and sFVC may allow a faster recognition of those patients with worse prognosis and therefore an optimized tailored clinical care, as well as a better stratification in clinical trials.
The prognostic value of spirometric tests in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis patients / A. Pirola, E. De Mattia, A. Lizio, G. Sannicolò, E. Carraro, F. Rao, V. Sansone, C. Lunetta. - In: CLINICAL NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSURGERY. - ISSN 0303-8467. - 184(2019 Sep).
|Titolo:||The prognostic value of spirometric tests in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis patients.|
SANSONE, VALERIA ADA MARIA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis; Forced Vital Capacity; Peak Cough Expiratory Flow; ALSFRS-R; Progression rate|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/26 - Neurologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-2019|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.105456|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|