We investigated the effectiveness and safety of a dual therapy (DT) with lamivudine plus dolutegravir versus a single tablet regimen (STR) with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir. We performed a retrospective analysis in a cohort of virologically suppressed HIV+ patients switching to lamivudine-dolutegravir or abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir. We evaluated the incidence of virological failure and treatment discontinuation, as well as their predictors. Non-parametric tests were applied to assess changes in immunological and metabolic parameters. In all, 616 patients were analyzed: 380 began STR and 236 DT. In the STR group three patients experienced VF; in the DT group seven patients experienced VF. No differences in cause of treatment discontinuation were found. The estimated probability of continuing therapy at 48 weeks were 88.5 % in DT and 90.3% in STR, without a statistically significant difference (Log-rank 0.338). Regarding the metabolic profile, in the STR group there was a reduction in LDL cholesterol levels at week 48 (p=0.008), whereas in the lamivudine group there was a significant reduction in total cholesterol level at week 48 (p=0.044). Regarding the renal function, in both groups we registered a reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), with a median reduction of 8.4 ml/min in the STR group (p<0.001) and 10.2 mL/min in DT (p<0.001). We found a difference in strategy option: in a context of side effect and comorbidities, dual therapy strategy was preferred. Conversely, simplification and compliance improvement more frequently translated into a DTG-STR strategy.

Single tablet regimen with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir compared with two-drug regimen with lamivudine and dolutegravir as different strategies of simplification from a multicenter HIV cohort study / G. Baldin, A. Ciccullo, S. Rusconi, G. Madeddu, G. Sterrantino, A. Freedman, A. Giacometti, L. Celani, A. Latini, B. Rossetti, M.V. Cossu, A. Giacomelli, F. Lagi, A. Capetti, S. Di Giambenedetto. - In: LE INFEZIONI IN MEDICINA. - ISSN 1124-9390. - 27:4(2019 Dec 01), pp. 410-414.

Single tablet regimen with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir compared with two-drug regimen with lamivudine and dolutegravir as different strategies of simplification from a multicenter HIV cohort study

S. Rusconi;M.V. Cossu;A. Giacomelli;A. Capetti;
2019-12-01

Abstract

We investigated the effectiveness and safety of a dual therapy (DT) with lamivudine plus dolutegravir versus a single tablet regimen (STR) with abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir. We performed a retrospective analysis in a cohort of virologically suppressed HIV+ patients switching to lamivudine-dolutegravir or abacavir/lamivudine/dolutegravir. We evaluated the incidence of virological failure and treatment discontinuation, as well as their predictors. Non-parametric tests were applied to assess changes in immunological and metabolic parameters. In all, 616 patients were analyzed: 380 began STR and 236 DT. In the STR group three patients experienced VF; in the DT group seven patients experienced VF. No differences in cause of treatment discontinuation were found. The estimated probability of continuing therapy at 48 weeks were 88.5 % in DT and 90.3% in STR, without a statistically significant difference (Log-rank 0.338). Regarding the metabolic profile, in the STR group there was a reduction in LDL cholesterol levels at week 48 (p=0.008), whereas in the lamivudine group there was a significant reduction in total cholesterol level at week 48 (p=0.044). Regarding the renal function, in both groups we registered a reduction in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), with a median reduction of 8.4 ml/min in the STR group (p<0.001) and 10.2 mL/min in DT (p<0.001). We found a difference in strategy option: in a context of side effect and comorbidities, dual therapy strategy was preferred. Conversely, simplification and compliance improvement more frequently translated into a DTG-STR strategy.
Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive
https://www.infezmed.it/media/journal/Vol_27_4_2019_8.pdf
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Baldin G Infez med Vol_27_4_2019_8.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 556.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
556.59 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/698319
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact