The defence of obedience to superior orders was one of the most invoked arguments in transitional justice after the Second World War both at national and international levels. In Italy, it was often raised by the defendants accused of collaborating with the Germans for having adhered to the Italian Social Republic against the Resistance. In 1945, the Court of Cassation used to reject these defences on the ground of the illegitimacy of the Italian Social Republic. Instead, since 1946, Italian judiciary has justified those who had obeyed superior orders, thus contributing to the reduction of the punishment towards crimes of collaboration with the Germans.

L’ordine del superiore gerarchico nella giustizia di transizione italiana : diritto, etica e politica / R. Bianchi. - In: HISTORIA ET IUS. - ISSN 2279-7416. - 16(2019 Dec), pp. 4.1-4.57.

L’ordine del superiore gerarchico nella giustizia di transizione italiana : diritto, etica e politica

Bianchi Riva
2019-12

Abstract

The defence of obedience to superior orders was one of the most invoked arguments in transitional justice after the Second World War both at national and international levels. In Italy, it was often raised by the defendants accused of collaborating with the Germans for having adhered to the Italian Social Republic against the Resistance. In 1945, the Court of Cassation used to reject these defences on the ground of the illegitimacy of the Italian Social Republic. Instead, since 1946, Italian judiciary has justified those who had obeyed superior orders, thus contributing to the reduction of the punishment towards crimes of collaboration with the Germans.
giustizia di transizione; collaborazionismo con i tedeschi; ordine del superiore gerarchico
Settore IUS/19 - Storia del Diritto Medievale e Moderno
HISTORIA ET IUS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/697957
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