Rhizobacterial community, associated with roots of wild thistle Cirsium arvense (L.) grown in an arsenic polluted soil, was studied by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis in conjunction with cultivation-based methods. In the bulk-, rhizosphere-, and rhizoplane fractions of the soil the qualitative picture obtained by FISH analysis of the main phylogenetic bacterial groups was similar and comprised predominantly of Alpha, Beta, and Gammaproteobacteria. The arsenic-resistant isolates belonged to thirteen genera, the most abundant being those of Bacillus, Achromobacter, Brevundimonas, Microbacterium, and Ochrobactrum. Most bacteria grew in the presence of high arsenic concentrations (over 100 mM arsenate and 10 mM arsenite). Most strains possessed the ArsC, ArsB and ACR3 genes homologous to arsenate reductase and to the two classes of arsenite efflux pumps, respectively, peculiar to the ars operon of the arsenic detoxification system. ArsB and ACR3 were present simultaneously in highly resistant strains. An inconsistency between 16S rRNA phylogenetic affiliations and arsenate reductase sequences of the strains was observed, indicating possible horizontal transfer of arsenic-resistance genes in the bacterial community of the soil. Several isolates were able to reduce arsenate and to oxidise arsenite. Particularly, Ancylobacter dichloromethanicum strain As3-1b possessed both characteristics and arsenite oxidation occurred in the strain also under chemoautotrophic conditions. Some rhizobacteria produced siderophores, indole acetic acid and 1-amino-cyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid deaminase thus possessing potential plant growth-promoting traits.
|Titolo:||Analysis of rhizobacterial communities in perennial Graminaceae from polluted water meadow soil, and screening of metal-resistant, potentially plant growth-promoting bacteria|
|Autori interni:||ANDREONI, VINCENZINA (Ultimo)|
CAVALCA, LUCIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Heavy metal; Metal-resistant plant growth-promoting bacteria; Rhizobacterial communities|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore AGR/16 - Microbiologia Agraria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.femsec.2004.11.005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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